Easter Rising


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Related to Easter Rising: Bloody Sunday, The Troubles

Easter Rising

 

(in Russian, Irish Rebellion of 1916), a national liberation uprising (April 24–30) against domination by English imperialists. The direct causes of the rising were the dissatisfaction of the masses with the delay in implementing the Home Rule Act of 1914 and the act’s half measures, repressions against members of the national movement, and the new burdens put on the Irish workers as a result of Great Britain’s participation in World War I (1914–18).

The most active role in the rising was played by the Irish working class and its armed organization, the Irish Citizen Army, headed by J. Connolly. Representatives of the petite bourgeoisie and intelligentsia also took part in the rising.

Dublin was the main arena of the rising, and it was there that the rebels proclaimed an Irish republic on April 24 and formed a provisional government. There also were local outbreaks in Dublin and the adjacent counties, in the towns of Enniscorthy (County Wexford) and Athenry (County Galway), and in several other places.

After six days of fighting, the rising was suppressed with exceptional severity. Nearly all the leaders of the rebellion were shot, among them the gravely wounded Connolly. The rank-and-file rebels were exiled from the country. Despite the defeat, the Easter Rising contributed to the development of the national liberation struggle in Ireland.

REFERENCES

Lenin, V. I. Poln. sobr. sock, 5th ed., vol. 30, pp. 52–57.
Remerova, O. I. Irlandskoe vosslanie 1916 g.Leningrad, 1954. (Synopsis of thesis.)
Kolpakov, A. D. “Krasnaia paskha.” Voprosy islorii, 1966, no. 4.
Greaves, C. D. The Easier Rising as History.London, 1966.

L. I. GOL’MAN

Easter Rising

unsuccessful Irish revolt against British (1916). [Irish Hist.: EB, III: 760–761]
References in periodicals archive ?
Scots band the Craigneuk Wolfe Tone Republican Flute Band yesterday took part in the Saoradh Easter Rising Commemoration in Milltown Cemetery, west Belfast.
Sporadic trouble continued for around two hours as republicans marked the anniversary of the 1916 Easter Rising - an armed attempt to throw off British rule in Ireland.
Brian Lawless <BCanadian Ambassador to Ireland Kevin Vickers wrestles with a protester (right) during a state ceremony to remember the British soldiers who died during the Easter Rising at Grangegorman Military Cemetery, Dublin
"The children were really moved by the amount of children who died in the Easter Rising, many of whom were just in the wrong place at the wrong time, and this is featured in the video.
There are lots of things in this country that we do not get right, but we have celebrated the Easter Rising with aplomb.
The Easter Rising was a military failure for the revolutionaries, but it ultimately led to the partition of Ireland and the creation of an independent republic.
BRENDAN O'CARROLL: MY FAMILY AT WAR (BBC2, Wednesday, 9pm) MRS BROWN writer and comedian Brendan O'Carroll, below, get serious to tell the story of the Irish Easter Rising of 1916 and the part his own family played in it.
Centenary commemorations have been coming thick and fast in Dublin over recent years, but this year is the big one: the Easter Rising of 1916.
The novel is set in 1911 at St Enda's School, which was run by doomed revolutionary Patrick Pearse, and follows the events leading up to Dublin's Easter Rising in 1916 through the eyes of fictional 12-year-old Irish-American William "Finn" Devoy.
Transforming 1916: Meaning, Memory and the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Easter Rising. By Roisin Higgins.
The title refers to a question many faced in the Easter Rising of 1916 in Dublin, Ireland, which lasted for six days before the rebels surrendered.
These include the centenary of the burial of the Fenian, Jerimiah O'Donovan Rossa, at Glasnevin cemetery on August 1, 1915 which is most famous for Patrick Pearse's graveside oration where he stated "the fools, the fools, the fools!--They have left us our Fenian dead, and while Ireland holds these graves, Ireland unfree shall never be at peace." The emergence of Pearse as a leading figure in the advanced nationalist cause marked the beginning of a radicalization of Irish politics that would culminate with the Easter Rising in Dublin in 1916.