Easter Rising

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Easter Rising

 

(in Russian, Irish Rebellion of 1916), a national liberation uprising (April 24–30) against domination by English imperialists. The direct causes of the rising were the dissatisfaction of the masses with the delay in implementing the Home Rule Act of 1914 and the act’s half measures, repressions against members of the national movement, and the new burdens put on the Irish workers as a result of Great Britain’s participation in World War I (1914–18).

The most active role in the rising was played by the Irish working class and its armed organization, the Irish Citizen Army, headed by J. Connolly. Representatives of the petite bourgeoisie and intelligentsia also took part in the rising.

Dublin was the main arena of the rising, and it was there that the rebels proclaimed an Irish republic on April 24 and formed a provisional government. There also were local outbreaks in Dublin and the adjacent counties, in the towns of Enniscorthy (County Wexford) and Athenry (County Galway), and in several other places.

After six days of fighting, the rising was suppressed with exceptional severity. Nearly all the leaders of the rebellion were shot, among them the gravely wounded Connolly. The rank-and-file rebels were exiled from the country. Despite the defeat, the Easter Rising contributed to the development of the national liberation struggle in Ireland.

REFERENCES

Lenin, V. I. Poln. sobr. sock, 5th ed., vol. 30, pp. 52–57.
Remerova, O. I. Irlandskoe vosslanie 1916 g.Leningrad, 1954. (Synopsis of thesis.)
Kolpakov, A. D. “Krasnaia paskha.” Voprosy islorii, 1966, no. 4.
Greaves, C. D. The Easier Rising as History.London, 1966.

L. I. GOL’MAN

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Easter Rising

unsuccessful Irish revolt against British (1916). [Irish Hist.: EB, III: 760–761]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Easter Rising of 1916 in North County Dublin: a Skerries Perspective
The Easter Rising of 1916 took place in which city?
Within four years, the resolution's proposer, James Connolly, had been executed for his role in the Easter Rising of 1916, and Labour would play a subsidiary role to the emerging Sinn Fein in the revolutionary years that followed, before contesting its first general election in 1922.
Reid's book also presents a very clear account of the type of pre-revolutionary Irish nationalism that was so rapidly eclipsed by republicanism during the years that followed the Easter Rising of 1916. As Reid argues, Gwynn's value as a source for the study of late nineteenth and early twentieth-century Irish political culture lies in his position as an imperial nationalist who occupied a number of roles in the country's political, literary and military life.
Bred in Ireland and named in tribute to the Easter rising of 1916, Easter Hero had several owners and trainers early in his career, and as a five-year-old he fell in the inaugural Cotswold (now Arkle) Chase.
These bullet holes date from the Easter Rising of 1916, an insurrection against British rule initiated by the proclamation of an Irish Republic.
As with the rest of Cork City and County Cork, Blackpool was staunchly Sinn Fin following the Easter Rising of 1916. Four years later during the War of Independence, the Lord Mayor of Cork, Tom[sz]s Mac Curtain, was shot dead at his home in Blackpool in front of his wife by a party of armed men.
12 What is the name of the Irish nationalist, sentenced to death and then reprieved following the Easter Rising of 1916, who was elected as Britain's first female MP in 19187
Parades are often held on the Bank Holiday Monday to mark the Republican Easter Rising of 1916.
His consideration of plays about the Easter Rising of 1916 in the context of other works about the war is a fine example of recontextualisation that allows him to cover some familiar ground from a new perspective.
Visiting student Kevin Croke of County Kildare (inset) discovered his great grandfather Michael Croke was one of the 1,860 Irish prisoners held at Frongoch near Bala after the Easter Rising of 1916 Inset picture: ERFYL LLOYD DAVIES
Rubble from the Easter Rising of 1916 at nearby O'Connell Street formed the original terracing at the railway end, hence its name Hill 16 and the sacred status which has enabled it to survive as the only standing area left in among the world's top venues.