Easter Rising

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Easter Rising

 

(in Russian, Irish Rebellion of 1916), a national liberation uprising (April 24–30) against domination by English imperialists. The direct causes of the rising were the dissatisfaction of the masses with the delay in implementing the Home Rule Act of 1914 and the act’s half measures, repressions against members of the national movement, and the new burdens put on the Irish workers as a result of Great Britain’s participation in World War I (1914–18).

The most active role in the rising was played by the Irish working class and its armed organization, the Irish Citizen Army, headed by J. Connolly. Representatives of the petite bourgeoisie and intelligentsia also took part in the rising.

Dublin was the main arena of the rising, and it was there that the rebels proclaimed an Irish republic on April 24 and formed a provisional government. There also were local outbreaks in Dublin and the adjacent counties, in the towns of Enniscorthy (County Wexford) and Athenry (County Galway), and in several other places.

After six days of fighting, the rising was suppressed with exceptional severity. Nearly all the leaders of the rebellion were shot, among them the gravely wounded Connolly. The rank-and-file rebels were exiled from the country. Despite the defeat, the Easter Rising contributed to the development of the national liberation struggle in Ireland.

REFERENCES

Lenin, V. I. Poln. sobr. sock, 5th ed., vol. 30, pp. 52–57.
Remerova, O. I. Irlandskoe vosslanie 1916 g.Leningrad, 1954. (Synopsis of thesis.)
Kolpakov, A. D. “Krasnaia paskha.” Voprosy islorii, 1966, no. 4.
Greaves, C. D. The Easier Rising as History.London, 1966.

L. I. GOL’MAN

Easter Rising

unsuccessful Irish revolt against British (1916). [Irish Hist.: EB, III: 760–761]
References in periodicals archive ?
Whearity documents the Irish Volunteer movement in north County Dublin, specifically the perspective of the Skerries Company of Irish Volunteers before, during, and after the Easter Rising of 1916.
Reid's book also presents a very clear account of the type of pre-revolutionary Irish nationalism that was so rapidly eclipsed by republicanism during the years that followed the Easter Rising of 1916.
Bred in Ireland and named in tribute to the Easter rising of 1916, Easter Hero had several owners and trainers early in his career, and as a five-year-old he fell in the inaugural Cotswold (now Arkle) Chase.
These bullet holes date from the Easter Rising of 1916, an insurrection against British rule initiated by the proclamation of an Irish Republic.
As with the rest of Cork City and County Cork, Blackpool was staunchly Sinn Fin following the Easter Rising of 1916.
12 What is the name of the Irish nationalist, sentenced to death and then reprieved following the Easter Rising of 1916, who was elected as Britain's first female MP in 19187
His consideration of plays about the Easter Rising of 1916 in the context of other works about the war is a fine example of recontextualisation that allows him to cover some familiar ground from a new perspective.
Visiting student Kevin Croke of County Kildare (inset) discovered his great grandfather Michael Croke was one of the 1,860 Irish prisoners held at Frongoch near Bala after the Easter Rising of 1916 Inset picture: ERFYL LLOYD DAVIES
Rubble from the Easter Rising of 1916 at nearby O'Connell Street formed the original terracing at the railway end, hence its name Hill 16 and the sacred status which has enabled it to survive as the only standing area left in among the world's top venues.
On the heels of the Gallipoli campaign came the Easter Rising of 1916 in which Irish rebels seeking independence from British rule seized the Dublin General Post Office and other strategic buildings.
Now Chief of Police in East Johannesburg, he was in Dublin as he traces his lineage back to Major John McBride who was executed following the Easter Rising of 1916.