Easter Rising

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Easter Rising

 

(in Russian, Irish Rebellion of 1916), a national liberation uprising (April 24–30) against domination by English imperialists. The direct causes of the rising were the dissatisfaction of the masses with the delay in implementing the Home Rule Act of 1914 and the act’s half measures, repressions against members of the national movement, and the new burdens put on the Irish workers as a result of Great Britain’s participation in World War I (1914–18).

The most active role in the rising was played by the Irish working class and its armed organization, the Irish Citizen Army, headed by J. Connolly. Representatives of the petite bourgeoisie and intelligentsia also took part in the rising.

Dublin was the main arena of the rising, and it was there that the rebels proclaimed an Irish republic on April 24 and formed a provisional government. There also were local outbreaks in Dublin and the adjacent counties, in the towns of Enniscorthy (County Wexford) and Athenry (County Galway), and in several other places.

After six days of fighting, the rising was suppressed with exceptional severity. Nearly all the leaders of the rebellion were shot, among them the gravely wounded Connolly. The rank-and-file rebels were exiled from the country. Despite the defeat, the Easter Rising contributed to the development of the national liberation struggle in Ireland.

REFERENCES

Lenin, V. I. Poln. sobr. sock, 5th ed., vol. 30, pp. 52–57.
Remerova, O. I. Irlandskoe vosslanie 1916 g.Leningrad, 1954. (Synopsis of thesis.)
Kolpakov, A. D. “Krasnaia paskha.” Voprosy islorii, 1966, no. 4.
Greaves, C. D. The Easier Rising as History.London, 1966.

L. I. GOL’MAN

Easter Rising

unsuccessful Irish revolt against British (1916). [Irish Hist.: EB, III: 760–761]
References in periodicals archive ?
The post FIFA charge Irish FA over 1916 Easter uprising logo appeared first on Cyprus Mail .
BEST MUSEUM: Used by the British to imprison and execute the leaders of the Easter Uprising, Kilmainham Gaol is now one of Dublin's most popular places to visit.
Henry tells the story of nationalist uprising and colonial repression in Galway Ireland during the War of Independence that started after the Easter Uprising in 1916.
Peter is also working on the movie Connolly, in which he plays Edinburgh-born James Connolly, the Irish rebel executed in Dublin for his part in the 1916 Easter Uprising.
The aftermath of the Easter Uprising does not, at first glance, bode fair for any easy rapprochement between socialist and nationalist aims, given the rapidity with which socialist Republicans were silenced in the newly-independent Ireland they had helped to establish (Patterson 59).
Police told the licensing board pictures of IRA hunger strikers from the 80s and republicans from the 1916 Easter uprising were on show.
The event set the stage for the 1916 Easter Uprising against English rule, which in turn triggered a successful guerrilla war for the establishment of the Irish Free State.
Orpen came from a prosperous Protestant Dublin family and, although he knew many of the figures on both sides of the Irish political divide, chose to base himself in London and identify with the English establishment, so much so that after the Easter uprising in 1916 he spent only a single day in Ireland during the remaining fifteen years of his life.
Events take a turn for the worse when Danny's younger brother joins the Easter Uprising of 1916.
The father, a journalist and fervent nationalist, killed in service of the Irish Citizen Army during the Easter Uprising of 1916.
She saw the Irish conflict develop from the 1916 Easter Uprising to the failed 1995 peace accord.
When after the Easter Uprising of 1916 Lloyd George assumed cabinet responsibility for Ireland, he quickly determined on the need for partition, thus overriding the concerns of southern Irish Unionists and their English Unionist colleagues, who held one-third of the coalition cabinet places.