Eastern Cape


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Eastern Cape,

province (2011 pop. 6,562,053), 65,238 sq mi (168,966 sq km), S central South Africa, on the Indian Ocean. In 1994, under South Africa's post-apartheid constitution, Eastern Cape was created from the eastern portion of the former Cape ProvinceCape Province,
former province, S South Africa. Under the South African constitution of 1994 it was divided into Eastern Cape, Western Cape, Northern Cape, and part of a fourth province, North West.
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 and the former Xhosa "homelands" of TranskeiTranskei
, former black "homeland" and nominal republic, E South Africa, in what is now Eastern Cape prov. Transkei was bounded by the Great Kei River on the south, by the Indian Ocean on the east, by Natal (now Kwazulu-Natal) on the north, and by Lesotho on the northwest.
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 and CiskeiCiskei
, former black "homeland" and nominal republic, SE South Africa, in what is now Eastern Cape prov. Surrounded by the former Cape Province of South Africa, it consisted of two parcels of land, the larger one bordering the Indian Ocean to the southeast.
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. Eastern Cape is bounded by Free State and Lesotho (N), KwaZulu-Natal (NE), Western Cape (SW), and Northern Cape (NW).

Bhisho is the capital. Port ElizabethPort Elizabeth,
city, now part and seat of Nelson Mandela Bay metropolitan municipality, Eastern Cape prov., SE South Africa, on Algoa Bay, an arm of the Indian Ocean. It is a tourist center and a major seaport that ships diamonds, wool, fruit, and other items.
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, East LondonEast London,
city, now part and seat of Buffalo City metropolitan municipality, Eastern Cape prov., SE South Africa, on the Indian Ocean. East London grew around a British military post founded in 1847.
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, and UitenhageUitenhage
, town, part of Nelson Mandela Bay metropolitan municipality, Eastern Cape prov., S South Africa, on the Zwartkops River. It is an industrial center, with large railroad workshops, wool washeries, textile mills, and motor vehicle assembly plants.
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 are the largest cities. Eastern Cape has a diverse climate, ranging from the semidesert Great Karoo on the west to lush forests on the east. Part of the Drakensberg Range is in the province. A section of coastline stretching from East London to the border of KwaZulu-Natal is an area of rugged beauty known as the Wild Coast.

Much of the population has traditionally relied on subsistence farming, and commercial agriculture now plays an important role in the province's economy; sheep and cattle are raised and fruit, coffee, tea, maize, and sorghum are cultivated. There is fishing, especially for squid, and forestry. Port Elizabeth and East London are important rail hubs and seaports and, along with Uitenhage, have sizable automotive industries. Ecotourism is a growing sector of the economy. The majority of the people speak the Xhosa language.

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Eastern Cape

a province of S South Africa; formed in 1994 from the E part of the former Cape Province: service industries, agriculture, and mining. Capital: Bisho. Pop.: 7 088 547 (2004 est.). Area: 169 600 sq. km (65 483 sq. miles).
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
In April 2019, the Eastern Cape Regional Office referred the matter to the Compliance, Monitoring and Enforcement (CME) Unit in the national office for application for a court interdict.
Meanwhile, Richie "Magnum" Mepranum of Sarangani Province also lost to undefeated South African Lodumo '9mm' Lamiti via a referee technical decision in the 11th round in the Orient Theater also in East London, Eastern Cape on Sunday.
So far this year, poachers have killed nine rhinos in Eastern Cape reserves - all shot with a high-calibre hunting rifle.
So far this year, poachers have killed nine rhinos in Eastern Cape reserves - all of them shot with a highcalibre hunting rifle.
The investment formed part of a R2 billion investment pipeline, and was specifically aimed at providing a supply chain network to the local industries and contributing towards the economic growth in the Eastern Cape region.
Both transport accident- and assault-related deaths as a percentage of total non-natural deaths in the Eastern Cape are worryingly higher than the national average, i.e.
The play was born in the North East when director Amy Golding and Live Theatre's Gez Casey were involved with The Swallows Partnership - a project connecting North East and Eastern Cape artists.
Zuma had announced that the funeral of the anti-apartheid revolutionary would be held at his ancestral home in the Eastern Cape on 15 December.
Eastern Cape police said the remains would only then be taken to Qunu for reburial.
There have been a number of reports of patients receiving dual or even monotherapy in the Eastern Cape and Gauteng.
Further, family members of were reported to have gathered at Mandela's home village of Qunu in the Eastern Cape. According to EWN the meeting was called to discuss sensitive matters.
The fate of the Eastern Cape; history, politics and social policy.

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