Eastern Carpathians

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Eastern Carpathians


the most extended central part of the Carpathians in Rumania, the USSR (Ukrainian SSR), Czechoslovakia, and Poland, situated between the Tylicz Pass in the north and the Predeal Pass in the south. Length, approximately 750 km; maximum altitude, 2,305 m (Mt. Pietrosu in the Rodnei Massif).

The Eastern Carpathians are composed for the most part of sand-clay strata of Cretaceous, Paleogene, and partially Neocene ages (flysch); located in the axial zone of the range are Precambrian crystalline schists and quartzites; in the west are massifs of crystalline rock (Rodnei) and volcanic Neocene rock (Harghita C&acaron;limani, and others). These mountains have deposits of manganese ore, zinc, lead, copper, rock salt, and, in the eastern foothills, petroleum and natural gas. The Eastern Carpathians are divided by broad, deep valleys into a number of mountain ranges and massifs (Maramure§ului, Gorgany, Cerna Hora, Beskydy, Rodnei, Calimani, Vrancei, Tirgu, and others). At an altitude of more than 2,000 m there are traces of glaciation. The greater part of these mountains is covered with mixed and coniferous forests (beech, spruce, fir, and pine); in the lower zone are beech forests. The mountain meadows of the upper zone (or poloniny, as they are called locally) are utilized as summer pastures.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
and Wolska, A.: 2005, Exotic orthogneiss pebbles from Paleocene flysch of the Dukla Nappe (Outer Eastern Carpathians, Poland).
So far it includes Western Iberia at the border of Spain and Portugal, the Central Apennines in Italy, the Danube Delta and the Southern Carpathians in Romania, the Eastern Carpathians A in the triangle where Poland, Slovakia and Ukraine meet, and the Velebit Mountain in Croatia.
The Transylvanian Depression represents the central part of the Romanian territory, standing out through its position delimited by the mountains of the Southern Carpathians, in the South (Fagaras, Cindrel, Sureanu Mountains), Apuseni Mountains in the West, the mountains of the Eastern Carpathians, in the East (Tibles, Bargau, Calimani, Harghita, Rodnei and Persani).
The first one to have used the word "romantic" (with reference to the Eastern Carpathians) in Romanian literature, in 1828, Daniil Scavinski was, as he described himself, "smaller than small." Mihai Eminescu (1850-1889), the ultimate Romanian genius, described him, in "The Epigones," as "sad and small," and this is how everyone has seen him in Romania for over a century now.
In rural area, skiing exists in around thirty four settlements, spread over the Romanian Carpathians curve, whilst the highest density is found in the Eastern Carpathians where winter sports can be practiced by tourists in 12 villages, the most significant skiing areas of which are: Izvoare, Mogosa or Harghita Bai (Dinu, 2009).
Among the topics are craniodental variability in modern and fossil Plains zebra from East and southern Africa, palaeo-ethology as an archaeological tool, late fourth and third millennium sites in northern Syria, body conformations in unimproved horses in the eastern Carpathians, and horse burials in royal and common Macedonian tombs.
Nestled in a valley in the eastern Carpathians and surrounded by endless forests of massive fir trees that are often enshrouded with a dramatic fog, the host town of two thousand epitomizes the image of rural Transylvania as a mysterious, mystical place where time seems to have stood still.
The tremor occured at 10.52 pm Saturday in the area of Romania's eastern Carpathians, with no data of casualties and destruction.
Valsan basin belongs to the Central European region, the province of Eastern Carpathians, Southern subprovincia, mountain species characterized by the presence of tertiary-Carpathian and Balkan elements of Illyrian (Calinescu, 1969).
Starkel, L.: 1965, Rozwoj rzezby polskiej czesci Karpat Wschodnich (na przykladzie dorzecza gornego Sanu) (Geomorphological development of the Polish Eastern Carpathians (upon the example of the Upper San basin)), Prace Geograficzne Instytutu Geografii PAN, 50, 1-160.

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