Eastern Caucasus

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Eastern Caucasus


the eastern part of the Greater Caucasus, extending from Mt. Kazbek to Mt. Il’khydag; it lies in Severnaia Osetiia, Checheno-Ingush, and Dagestan ASSR’s, as well as in the Georgian and Azerbaijan SSR’s.

The Eastern Caucasus includes the Vodorazdel’nyi Range and the Bokovoi Range (consisting of the Perikit-Alazanskii, Bogosskii, Nukatl’, and Samurskii ranges), as well as the Andiiskii, Salatau, and Gimrinskii ranges. The elevation extends to 3,500-4,000 m, with a maximum of 4,492 m (Mt. Tebulosmta); the greatest width is 160 km. The Eastern Caucasus is formed primarily of clay shales, sandstones, and limestones of the Lower and Middle Jurassic, Cretaceous, Paleogene, and Neocene periods. Predominant regions include mountain-meadow, mountain, meadow-steppe, steppe, and, for the most part on the southern slope, forest.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Foreign citizens were leading the terrorist cell," it said, pointing out that Russian citizens from the Central Asian and Eastern Caucasus region "who support the Muslim Union for the establishment of the so-called" global Islamic Caliphate.
Religions can be builders of harmony based on personal relations and on the good will of those responsible, AsianNews reported citing Pope Francis as saying during the meeting with a delegation from the World Congress of Mountain Jews from the eastern Caucasus, in particular Russia's Dagestan and the northern regions of Azerbaijan.
For his part, Fadeev took part in military activity in the eastern Caucasus, wrote articles promoting the administration's viewpoints, and composed reports with suggestions for how to administer highland communities throughout the region.
The Jews of the Eastern Caucasus. Jerusalem: Ben-Zvi Institute (Hebrew).
The following are extracts from an article by Thomas Goltz, a visiting scholar on Caucasus affairs at the University of Montana's Central and Southwest Asia Studies Program, published on June 19: "...it was in the former Soviet republic of Azerbaijan - outside the town of Gabala on the southern slopes of the eastern Caucasus Mountains - that the Soviet Union erected its own massive early-warning radar system.
This fortress-like majestic maze of mountains is populated, alongside the Russians and Cossacks, by an array of small nations, such as the Abkhaz, Circassians, Balkars, Ossetians, the Ingush, Chechens, Kalmyks, and the welter of tribes and clans of Eastern Caucasus known collectively as Daghestan [literally--the Country of Mountains].
Divorced Mike, a retired mechanical engineer from Llithfaen, North Wales, has more than 45 years experience of major climbing expeditions in Russia, Siberia, the Eastern Caucasus and the Alps.
Mr Doyle has climbed in Siberia twice and once in the eastern Caucasus, and both have climbed in the Alps.
The Chechens who rallied behind Dudayev say they will fight on, just as they have been doing since before Count Leo Tolstoy described the czar's campaign against them in the eastern Caucasus. In Germany, Chancellor Kohl has been forced by German public opinion to send a tough message to Yeltsin.
But this was the eastern Caucasus. In the different natural and historical theater of the western Caucasus range, a separate strategy was required.

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