Eastern Taurus

Eastern Taurus

 

(Armenian Taurus), mountains in Turkey, located along the southern margin of the Anatolian Plateau and the Armenian Highlands. They are over 600 km long and reach elevations as high as 3,090 m. The Eastern Taurus includes the Ahir, Engizek, Malatya, Ergani, Nuruhak, and Kurtik (Haçreş mountain ranges. It is composed of metamorphic igneous and sedimentary rock (limestone, sandstone) and is cut through by ravines of the Ceyhan, Euphrates, and Tigris rivers. The dry northern slopes have semidesert land in the lower regions and steppes in the upper regions; the more humid southern slopes have maquis underbrush in the lower regions and park-type oak forests, sparse pistachio and juniper forests, highland steppes, and alpine meadows in the upper regions. Railroads and highways run through the passes at Bitlis and Pazarcik.

References in periodicals archive ?
Lysimachia savranii (Primulaceae), a new species from the eastern Taurus in Turkey.
Lying in a fertile plain watered by the Tohma River (a tributary of the Euphrates) and surrounded by high ranges of the eastern Taurus Mountains, the modern Malatya town was founded in 1838 near the sites of two earlier settlements: the ancient Hittite city of Milid, on the site of the present-day Arslantepe, 4 miles (6 km) north, and its successor, the Roman and medieval city of Melitene, now called Eski (Old) Malatya (6 miles [10 km] northeast).
The records of Chinese skywatchers tell of a brilliant "guest star" in eastern Taurus that remained visible in broad daylight for three weeks, and shone at night for months longer before fading from view.
Mars is in eastern Taurus, having resumed direct motion (eastward relative to the stars) and picking up speed.

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