Ebenezer Howard


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Howard, Ebenezer

 

Born Jan. 29, 1850, in London; died May 1, 1928, in Welwyn Garden City. English urban planner and sociologist.

Howard lived in New York from 1872 to 1877, at which time he settled in London. Influenced by the social-utopian ideas of R. W. Emerson and E. Bellamy, he proposed the creation of garden cities and initiated the construction of the first such cities in Letchworth (1902–03) and Welwyn Garden City (1920). In 1899 he founded the Garden City Association.

WORKS

To-Morrow. London, 1898.
Garden Cities of To-Morrow. London, 1902.
In Russian translation:
Howard, E. Goroda budushchego. St. Petersburg, 1911.

REFERENCE

Macfadyen, D. Sir Ebenezer Howard and the Town Planning Movement. Cambridge [1970].
References in periodicals archive ?
Bosses at the company said they were inspired by 19th century reformer Ebenezer Howard.
Rather more benign, and successful, was the utopian Garden City idea promoted by Ebenezer Howard and realised at Letchworth, Bournville, and even Milton Keynes.
Her great-grandfather Sir Ebenezer Howard was the founder of the garden city movement and from humble beginnings would eventually become responsible for the towns of Letchworth and Welwyn Garden City - where Annie and Arthur would ultimately move and her parents would meet.
Her great-grandfather Sir Ebenezer Howard was the founder of the garden city movement and, from humble beginnings, would eventually become responsible for the towns of Letchworth and Welwyn Garden City - where Annie and Arthur would ultimately move and her parents would meet.
But what key part does Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire, and Ebenezer Howard play in her history?
Her great grandfather Sir Ebenezer Howard was the founder of the Garden City movement, and from very humble beginnings he would eventually become responsible for the towns of Letchworth and Welwyn Garden City - where Annie and Arthur would eventually move and her parents would meet.
Una's great grandfather was Sir Ebenezer Howard, the innovator of new towns Welwyn Garden City and Letchworth.
Mansfield, a writer specializing in architecture and design, traces architects' and others' visions of the ideal city of the future from the Industrial Revolution to the 1960s, such as the City Beautiful Movement, Ebenezer Howard, Le Corbusier, Frank Lloyd Wright, the Italian futurists, Tony Garnier's Cite Industrielle, Antonio Sant'Elia's Citta Nuova, Hugh Ferriss, Raymond Hood, science fiction and World's Fair utopias, megastructures, and the ideas of the Moderns, shown through b&w sketches and plans.
Early garden cities such as Letchworth and Welwyn were envisioned by Sir Ebenezer Howard at the turn of the 20th century.
According to Stanton in 1915, "In those days, I had not had any English experience to guide me; it was about thirteen years ago- about the time Ebenezer Howard started in London.
This, in effect, is the sprawl that Reeds rails against, but to argue that this was the ultimate aim of 19th-century planning pioneers such as Ebenezer Howard is, in my view, quite wrong.