Ebla


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Ebla

(ĕb`lə, ē`blə), an ancient city located in N Syria 34 mi (55 km) S of Aleppo. First excavated in 1964, the ruins of the city were discovered in 1973 by an Italian archaeological expedition from the Univ. of Rome. Most importantly, nearly 20,000 cuneiform tablets were discovered (1975) in the palace archives. The tablets date from the middle of the 3d millennium and are written in Eblaite, a Semitic dialect, as well as in Sumerian. A vocabulary list matching words from the two languages was found among the tablets, which has allowed scholars to translate the previously unknown language of Eblaite. The tablets relate mostly to economic matters, showing that Ebla was a major commercial center trading mostly in textiles, wood, and finished metals. Its influence rivaled that of Egypt and Mesopotamia, stretching from the Sinai peninsula to the Mesopotamian highlands. The documents have been taken to imply that Ebla had as many as 200,000 inhabitants and a government that was administered by 12,000 officials. One of Ebla's earliest dynasties ruled from about 2400 B.C. to 2250 B.C. and was probably destroyed by Naram-Sin of Akkad. Ebla flourished again (2000–1800 B.C.), but was unable to regain its former power. Most of the remaining ruins are from this period. The tablets contain the earliest known reference to Jerusalem. Some scholars claim they also name the five biblical "Cities of the Plain" (Sodom, Gomorah, Admah, Zeboiim, and Bela) just as they are named in Genesis, but this claim has been contested. As an aid to studying the Bible, the tablets are most valuable as a linguistic tool, helping to illuminate some of the more difficult Hebrew readings.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Hilal Arnaoot CEO of EBLA said, "With upcoming opportunities in the regional IT sector, EBLA plans to use the equity injection to grow both organically through geographic expansion and by offering its clients an assortment of additional product and services as well as through strategic acquisitions.
Petro-Canada, a Canada-based gas company, has started producing around 80 million cubic feet of gas per day from Syria's Ebla gas project Dow Jones has reported, citing Jon Ferrier, the general manager of the company.
If Ebla's recordkeepers had followed many of today's records retention policies, however, we would have none of these records because they are primarily sales and tax records.
Through longer and shorter multiple residencies in India, England, Italy, the United States, West Germany, Gambia, Sudan, Uganda, and Nigeria, he has, in his fiction, concentrated exclusively on the lives and fates of Somali characters, from Ebla in From a Crooked Rib and Koschin in A Naked Needle, through the families of Loyaan, Medina, and Deeriye in the three installments of the Dictatorship Trilogy (Sweet and Sour Milk, Sardines, Close Sesame), to Askar and Duniya in Maps and Gifts, down to Kalaman and Nonno in Secrets.
His work is a veritable tour de force, reinterpreting a wide array of biblical texts and extra-biblical material from Ebla, Marl, Ugarit, Emar, and beyond, and engaging throughout in detailed linguistic, contextual, and theological argument.
Until now, knowledge of Early Bronze Age life in northern Mesopotamia, the land between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, came largely from prior finds at Ebla, Zettler notes.
Damascus, SANA- Participants in the preparatory meeting of the Syrian-Iranian Joint Chamber of Commerce, which was held on Tuesday evening at Ebla al-Sham Hotel, discussed means to enhance trade exchange between Syria and Iran.
When she appeared before the committee, the PSB chair Ebla Sahal was taken to task why the board denied the health committee the chance to scrutinise the score sheet of all people recently recruited.
Private secondary schools also in the same way will be for students enrolled in (day/senior education), with the exception of some schools, which are for boys such as Secondary Modern School and its committee headquarters at Tarik Bin Ziyad Independent Secondary School for Boys, Ebla Secondary Private School and the Syrian Community School Committee headquarters will be at Qatar Independent Technical School.
Thus for instance, the paper on "Architecture and Urban Planning in Old Syrian Ebla" from 1991 (pp.
They cover building works at Palace G: the Ebla king between major-domos, carriers, and construction workers; from Ebla to Ugarit: lead ingots in the Levant and Anatolia during the Bronze Age; high, low, and in between: patterns of bureaucracy, storage, and mobilization of resources in Middle Bronze Age (2000-1600 BC) northern Levant; and the building of Tell 'Agaga/Sadikanni in Syria: some reflections.