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see Black EnglishBlack English,
distinctive dialect spoken at times by as many as 80% to 90% of African Americans; also called ebonics [from ebony and phonics]. Long considered merely substandard English, it is in fact a distinct form.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Perhaps, the prophetic wisdom of Patsy Mitchner in the Slave Narratives, spoken in the Ebonics of a maafa captive, powerfully illuminates the lingering, complex "dualities," and cultural misorientation caused by chattel slavery on the African American psyche: Slavery wus a bad thing, an' freedom, of de kin' we got, wid nothin' to live on wus bad.
Deconstructing Ebonic myths: The first step in establishing effective intervention strategies.
Since the Oakland Unified School District passed its resolution on Ebonics in 1998 (Oakland Unified School District, 1998), Ebonics has been a lightning rod for controversy of all sorts.
Lost in this debate is the fact that numerous scholars have entered their support of Ebonics as a rule-governed linguistic system (Baugh, 1983, 1999; 2000; Dillard, 1972; Ewars, 1996; Poplack, 2000; Rickford, 1977,1997,1999; Stewart, 1967; DeFrantz, 1979; Ewers, n.d.; Honda, 2001; Palacas, 2001).
Olivet and in the MEd students' school placements regularly used what many scholars term Ebonics or Black English (Perry & Delpit, 1998; Smitherman, 1977).
After reading several chapters from the book The Real Ebonics Debate (Perry & Delpit, 1998) she had this to say:
- "Schoolyard Sages: New York City School Kids Weigh In on Ebonics," The Village Voice
Reesie (as we have been repeatedly reminded by the ethnographers of Ebonics) is the descendant of West African slaves, suspended in the lower depths of urban American society.
The controversy over ebonics, a word derived from the combination of ebony and phonics, raises serious questions about the place of proper speech, dialogue, and discourse.
Some argue that these children with ebonics, who are victims of a poverty class or dysfunctional family language environment, are appropriately thought to have language disorders and often with learning disabilities.
A dialect such as "Ebonics" when spoken in the college classroom may less valued, because it is unfortunately often negatively viewed by mainstream society in an academic setting such as a college classroom.
Code switching and Ebonics in urban adult basic education classrooms.