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(ēklē'zēăs`tēz), book of the Bible, the name of which is a latinized derivation of the Hebrew Qohelet [the Preacher]. Although traditionally ascribed to Solomon (who is identified as the author in the text), it was clearly written much later (c.300 B.C.). Like Job, the book takes issue, it would seem, with the confident assertions of the Wisdom tradition exemplified by Sirach (Ecclesiasticus) and Proverbs, both of which stress the possibility of leading a life in harmony with cosmic order. For the author of Ecclesiastes, life bears no order and no meaning. Omnipresent wickedness and death are realities which mock all effort to find meaning and purpose in life. Moreover, the purposes of God cannot be fathomed. It opens with the theme that, since "all is vanity," life should be enjoyed. This is followed by passages in praise of wisdom and mercy, with increasing emphasis on the universality of death; there is a brief epilogue on the fear of God's judgment. Despite the devout and ill-fitting conclusion of the work, the apparent cynicism of the book as a whole is said to have distressed the ancient rabbis; some scholars ascribe to pious correctors a number of nonpessimistic observations. Ecclesiastes is one of the biblical examples of wisdom literature (see Wisdom of SolomonWisdom of Solomon
or Wisdom,
early Jewish book included in the Septuagint and the Vulgate but not in the Hebrew Bible. The book opens with an exhortation to seek wisdom, followed by a statement on worldly attitudes.
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See J. L. Crenshaw, Ecclesiastes (1987); R. Alter, The Wisdom Books (2010). See also bibliography for Old TestamentOld Testament,
Christian name for the Hebrew Bible, which serves as the first division of the Christian Bible (see New Testament). The designations "Old" and "New" seem to have been adopted after c.A.D.
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References in periodicals archive ?
In addition, six more ministers - communications, national food security, power, privatisation, statistics and water resources - are part of the ECC.
Finally, the departmental audit committees involving AGP and the Petroleum Division in March 2017 reached an agreement to make necessary deductions on account of inadmissible incidental charges from the balance claim of PDC on imported petrol and get it regularised by ECC. An amount of Rs7.34bn was verified and cleared by the stakeholders and was approved by the ECC on Tuesday to regularise the payments.
Under DAO 30-2003, not all projects with ECCs are required to form multipartite monitoring teams (MMT), a body set up to monitor the proponent's compliance with the conditions of the ECC. MMTs are now only required for ECPs and MMT reports are only required to be submitted twice a year and not quarterly.'
Caption: Figure 2: Test setups for direct tensile and four-point bending tests of ECC. (a) Uniaxial tensile test.
Among factors related to feeding practices three variables have significant association with ECC. These include frequency of bottle feeding, taking bottle especially at night, and contents of bottle.
The dry shrinkage of the samples revealed that the drying shrinkage of ECC specimens is much higher than that of normal structural concrete and this may be as a result of lack of coarse aggregates in the mixtures of ECC. The drying shrinkage of ECC with mixture of metakaolin increases at the early ages most importantly at the early 5days out of the 7days.
The issue of finding time to teach the ECC was addressed, but it would have been more useful to provide more specific suggestions on how teachers can find time or alternate ways to teach the ECC. The focus on inclusion of the family and other team members to also support ECC skill development was emphasized throughout and was a strength of the book along with how to integrate the ECC into Individualized Family Service Plans (IFSPs), Individualized Education Programs (IEPs), and Individualized Transition Plans (ITPs).
Gage and coworkers do not specify the technique utilized during ECC. They do remark on the pain associated with ECC, however, suggesting that the ECC procedures were performed using a curette.
Just as many of us, who are more experienced teachers or MTNA members, in the past always have had the benefit of possessing both ample time and freedom to make mistakes in our own ethical behaviors and subsequently learn from them without any fear of being judged or disciplined by an ECC.
The Private Power Infrastructure Board, last Friday, allowed the substitution of CCCC with CCCG through its subsidiary, subject to the approval of the ECC.
The specimens of 100 mm x 100 mm x 400 mm were prepared for the tests in the loss of mass and relative dynamic elastic modulus, and the specimens of 12 mm x 40 mm x 320 mm were prepared for the tests in the toughness of ECC. All of the specimens were subjected to 200 freezing and thawing cycles, which included 5~6 freezing and thawing cycles in a 24 h period.