Ecchymosis


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ecchymosis

[¦ek·ə′mō·səs]
(medicine)
A subcutaneous hemorrhage marked by purple discoloration of the skin.

Ecchymosis

 

or bruise, a hemorrhage into the soft tissues as a result of a blow or pressure from a blunt object; blood may also escape under nonmechanical influences (sepsis, asphyxia, and overchilling, for example). The blood flowing out of the injured blood vessels into the tissue changes color (from dark red to yellowish green) with decomposition and biochemical conversion. The type of object that applied the blow and the age of the trauma may be judged by the shape and color of the surface bruise (“black-and-blue mark”). Extensive ecchymoses are called hematomas.

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On physical examination, ecchymosis with different diameters and colours were observed, one on the right wrist and two on the shoulders.
(a) Extensive ecchymosis of the lower extremity prior to the treatment.
Hematological disorders might exhibit epistaxis, ecchymosis, and other signs.
The patient was in relatively good clinical condition with no signs of new ecchymosis and no neurologic deficit.
First, a seatbelt sign with lower abdominal ecchymosis in reproductive-age women may indicate uterine injury, even in the absence of pelvic fracture or malalignment on radiographic imaging as seen in this patient.
Evaluation of the patient revealed a closed, neurovascularly intact transverse femoral shaft fracture without ecchymosis, skin changes, or open wounds.
Acute neck swelling, ecchymosis of neck and chest, and parathyroid hormone elevation are three characteristic criteria for hemorrhaging parathyroid tumors [5].
He returned to the emergency department 24 hours later with mild discomfort and ecchymosis of the left scrotum.
Post-term neonates showed a significantly higher incidence of scalp ecchymosis.
A 46-year-old male, a case of ITP was brought to the Department of Oncology and Hematology in a tertiary care hospital, presented with complaints of petechial patches all over the body and ecchymosis in the right side of abdomen.
Although it is generally asymptomatic, patients with postoperative hematoma can suffer from a range of symptoms from ecchymosis to life-threating dyspnea (1, 2).
Data regarding the clinical manifestations of study subjects were collected and included the initial disease classification (suspected DF, DHF or DSS); fever (yes/no); headache (yes/no); myalgia (yes/no); arthralgia (yes/no); retro-ocular pain (yes/no); skin rash (yes/no); persisting vomiting (yes/no); abdominal pain or tenderness (yes/ no); clinical fluid accumulation (ascites, edema or pleural effusion; yes/no); increased capillary fragility (petechiae, ecchymosis, hematoma or positive tourniquet test; yes/ no) and mucosal bleeding (gingival bleeding, epistaxis, hematemesis or melena; yes/no).