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(ēklē'zēăs`tēz), book of the Bible, the name of which is a latinized derivation of the Hebrew Qohelet [the Preacher]. Although traditionally ascribed to Solomon (who is identified as the author in the text), it was clearly written much later (c.300 B.C.). Like Job, the book takes issue, it would seem, with the confident assertions of the Wisdom tradition exemplified by Sirach (Ecclesiasticus) and Proverbs, both of which stress the possibility of leading a life in harmony with cosmic order. For the author of Ecclesiastes, life bears no order and no meaning. Omnipresent wickedness and death are realities which mock all effort to find meaning and purpose in life. Moreover, the purposes of God cannot be fathomed. It opens with the theme that, since "all is vanity," life should be enjoyed. This is followed by passages in praise of wisdom and mercy, with increasing emphasis on the universality of death; there is a brief epilogue on the fear of God's judgment. Despite the devout and ill-fitting conclusion of the work, the apparent cynicism of the book as a whole is said to have distressed the ancient rabbis; some scholars ascribe to pious correctors a number of nonpessimistic observations. Ecclesiastes is one of the biblical examples of wisdom literature (see Wisdom of SolomonWisdom of Solomon
or Wisdom,
early Jewish book included in the Septuagint and the Vulgate but not in the Hebrew Bible. The book opens with an exhortation to seek wisdom, followed by a statement on worldly attitudes.
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See J. L. Crenshaw, Ecclesiastes (1987); R. Alter, The Wisdom Books (2010). See also bibliography for Old TestamentOld Testament,
Christian name for the Hebrew Bible, which serves as the first division of the Christian Bible (see New Testament). The designations "Old" and "New" seem to have been adopted after c.A.D.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Crenshaw, Ecclesiastes (Westminster, John Knox Press, 1987) p.
That the opening lines of "Tithonus" resonate against Ecclesiastes suggests that the latter provides the poem with its burden, its ground bass and underlying theme.
Deliberate or inadvertent, the film is a meditation on Ecclesiastes.
Yet even after Job got his makeover and became a respectable citizen of the Bible, Ecclesiastes remained on the rabbis' short list of controversial writings.
Why not try reading Ecclesiastes yourself this autumn?
The truth of the admonition from Ecclesiastes has been proven now that Jackson has found the rifle he "cast upon the waters" so many years ago.
The materialistic desires, so a part of our culture seem, as Ecclesiastes wrote, ``a vanity and chasing after wind.
Ecclesiastes reminds us "that there is nothing new under the sun" and yet tells us shortly thereafter that, within such sameness, change has its place: There is ` .
1) Such similarities are not my primary concern here, but require mention because the subject matter of Ecclesiastes has often surfaced in other works of Western literature.
So begins oft-quoted Chapter 3 of the Book of Ecclesiastes of the King James version of the Bible.
Geering contends that the stone that the builders rejected--the relatively nontheistic wisdom stream of Bible books such as Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and Jesus' parables--underrated by both Judaism and Christianity, deserves to become the chief cornerstone of the intellectual/emotional edifice of the future.