Echmiadzin


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Echmiadzin:

see YejmiadzinYejmiadzin
, Ejmiadzin
, or Echmiadzin
town (1994 est. pop. 64,400), SW Armenia, in the Aras (Araks) River valley. It has winemaking and plastics industries. Known since the 6th cent. B.C.
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, Armenia.

Echmiadzin

 

(until 1945, Vagarshapat), a city under republic jurisdiction and administrative center of Echmiadzin Raion, Armenian SSR; located on the Ararat Plain, 15 km from the Echmiadzin railroad station and 20 km from Yerevan. Population, 37,000 (1974). Enterprises in Echmiadzin include factories producing plastics and cooking utensils, a branch of the Elektron Armenian Production Association, and a branch of the Armsuvenir Association. Food-processing enterprises include a wine combine and a cannery. Building materials are also produced. Schools in the city include a technicum specializing in the training of staff for clubs and libraries. Echmiadzin’s places of note include a museum of local lore, a branch of the Armenian State Picture Gallery, the house of the poet I. M. Ioannisian (now a museum), and a museum devoted to the work of the composer S. G. Komimas.

Echmiadzin, the historic center of the Armenian Apostolic Church, has a monastery that includes the residence of the catholicos, as well as a cathedral. The ancient settlement of Vardesvan became the site of the modern Echmiadzin in the second century A.D. The city of Vagarshapat was founded by King Vagarsh I (117–140) in the first half of the second century A.D. From the latter half of the second century until the fourth century it was the capital of Armenia.

The city has an unplanned network of narrow, winding streets. The cathedral (303, rebuilt fifth and seventh centuries) incorporates a later bell tower (1653–58) and sacristy (1869). It has notable frescoes executed in the late 17th to early 18th centuries by Ovnatan Nagash and in the late 18th century by O. Ovnatanian. The monastery complex includes a refectory (first half of the 17th century), a hostel (mid-18th century), the residence of the catholicos (1738–41), a school (1813), and a stone reservoir (1846). Many houses and public buildings have been built in modern times.

Other interesting structures include the Ripsime Church (618), the domed basifican Church of St. Gaiane (630, restored 1652) with its triple-vaulted gavil, and the Church of Shokagat (1694). The cathedral has a museum (established 1955) with a rich collection of medieval decorative and applied art. Not far from the city are the ruins of the church of Zvartnots (641–661).

REFERENCE

Arutiunian, V. M. Echmiadzim. Moscow, 1958.
References in periodicals archive ?
A walk around the town is rewarding, with a chance to see the confluence of architectural styles, especially the Metekhi Church or the Echmiadzin and the Tsminda Sameba Cathedrals.
The RA Minister of Health Levon Altunyan, the Chancellor of the Mother See of Holy Echmiadzin, Archbishop Arshak Khachatryan and leaders of different medical establishments were present at the event.
The ceremony outside Armenia's main cathedral at Echmiadzin, close to Yerevan, ended at 7:15 pm local time, or 19:15 according to the 24-hour clock, to symbolize the year when the massacres started.
Date and place of birth: 1954, Echmiadzin, Armenia.
The meeting was held in in the city of Echmiadzin, close to the capital Yerevan, where the seat of the Armenian Apostolic Church is located.
A recipient of the Order of the Holy See of Echmiadzin, he is now in Toronto studying at the University of Toronto.
In 1610, as a token of good will toward this nascent relationship, the missionaries were permitted to wander the grounds of Echmiadzin (seat of the catholicosate).
In 1921, Armenian author Hagob Gazarian Lazo, in Echmiadzin city (near Yerevan) in the Soviet Union, formulated the Armenian alphabet into the Kurdish language and published it in an illustrated book titled Shamis; special Kurdish phonetics were added to the Armenian alphabet in the book.
Since 1441, there have been two catholicosates in the Armenian Church with equal rights and privileges and having their own jurisdictions, although the primacy of honor of the catholicosate of Echmiadzin has always been recognized by the catholicosate of Cilicia.
After choosing the main marzes, we identified the main towns (Giumri, Vanadzor, Echmiadzin, Abovyan, Hrazdan, and Sevan) based on the principle "15 households from each town".
On Tuesday, during a service at the Armenian church's main cathedral in Echmiadzin, his hand trembled strongly and aides rushed to his side to offer comfort halfway through his speech.