Echovirus

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echovirus

[′ek·ō‚vī·rəs]
(virology)
Any member of the Picornaviridae family, genus Enterovirus; the name is derived from the group designation enteric cytopathogenic human orphan virus.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Echovirus

 

(acronym for enteric cytopathogenic human orphan virus), a minute virus containing one strand of RNA and lacking an outer protein layer. An orphan virus is a virus detected under laboratory conditions but not associated with any known disease. However, it has been found that this is not true of echovirus. Echovirus belongs to the genus Enterovirus of the family Picornavirus. Many of the more than 30 serotypes live in the human intestine without causing any symptoms of disease. Some, however, are the causative agents of aseptic meningitis, gastroenteritis, and respiratory diseases.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.