Ecological footprint


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Related to Ecological footprint: Carbon footprint

Ecological footprint

Measure of the resource use by a population within a defined area of land, including imported resources.Assessment of the ecological footprints of nation-states or other defined geographic areas reveals the true environmental impact of those states and their ability to survive on their own resources in the long term. It has emerged as the world’s premier measure of humanity’s demand on nature. It measures how much land and water area a human population requires to produce the resource it consumes and to absorb its wastes, using prevailing technology.
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The government has also set standards to ensure lighting product imports are energy-efficient, especially for the housing sector, which represents 57 per cent of the country's ecological footprint.
When controlling for population, the country with the largest ecological footprint was Luxembourg, where people consume more than their land can support at a rate 10 times that of the world average.
Caption: Bangladesh (8th of 140) Bangladesh has the second smallest Ecological Footprint in the world--bringing it in at eighth place in the Happy Planet Index.
The ecological footprint varies with consumption and production efficiency.
Rapidly developing countries such as Qatar and the United Arab Emirates account for some the highest ecological footprints in the world, while poorer nations such as India and Indonesia have lower footprints that are within nature's threshold.
The Sustainable Human Development Index (SHDI) developed by Hermele (Hermele 2009) further tries to interconnect the social pillar with the environmental pillar using ecological footprint as an indicator.
The Welsh Government's sustainable development scheme One Wales One Planet states: "Within the lifetime of a generation, Wales should use only its fair share of the Earth's resources, and our ecological footprint be reduced to the global average availability of resources - 1.
The ecological footprint metric is used by many nations and organizations to monitor their activities' environmental sustainability by comparing the level of their consumption with the biocapacity available domestically.
Also working closely with the government on a project called the Ecological Footprint Initiative, which is project aimed at reducing the ecological footprint of the country.
We also compared GPI with several other well-known indicators for the same countries: Ecological Footprint, Biocapacity, Life Satisfaction, HDI, and the Gini coefficient as described below.
Knowledgeably compiled and deftly co-edited by Robert and Brenda Vale, "Living within a Fair Share Ecological Footprint" is a 344 page compendium comprised of twenty germane articles by experts in their fields on how to equitably share the burden of dealing with humanity's ecological footprint on the planet.

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