Economically Active Population

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Economically Active Population


the segment of the population employed in the national economy, including persons engaged in private subsidiary farming. In the USSR, the economically active population is the aggregate of all persons engaged in paid or income-producing, socially useful labor.

The statistical criteria of the economically active population vary in different countries primarily according to their inclusion of economically dependent family members working in agriculture or in handicrafts. In some instances, the economically active population includes persons who do not participate in production but who have unearned income. There exists in the statistics of a number of capitalist countries, for example, the concept of the economically independent population, which comprises all persons living on their own income, including those with unearned income and those with pensions.

The percentage of the economically active population is a function of the proportion of working-age persons in the total population (a demographic factor) and of the extent of their employment (an economic-organizational factor). This percentage ranges from 35 to 50 percent in certain countries; in the USSR, it is approximately 48 percent. It is always higher for the male segment of the population. The percentage of the economically active population is considerably larger in socialist and developed capitalist countries than in developing countries. In 1970 the world’s economically active population comprised more than 1.5 billion persons.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In accordance with these norms economically active population, employed and unemployed people became the main economic categories for methodological assessment of the labor market (1988).
The changes benefit around 1.1m people in Wales, who will see the tax they pay decrease by pounds 200 this year - about 77.6% of the economically active population.
According to the report, agriculture share in economically active population decreased to 39 per cent in 2010 from 45.7 per cent of 35.9 million in 1995 and 58.5 per cent of 23.5 million in 1980.
Summing up the year that passed, the State Statistical Office said that according to the labor force survey, Macedonia's economically active population totals 931,000, of whom 632,000 are employed and 298,000 are unemployed.
Russian unemployment has ballooned to 6.1 million, 8.1 percent of the economically active population.
"It is a growing industry, with around 12 per cent females, but 46 per cent of the economically active population is female.
This report (directed by the head of the Organisation for Economic Co- operation and Development's Division of Regional Policies for Sustainable Development) is based on the idea that competitive cities will have to shift from the managerial mode of policy making, concentrating on managing spatial needs by land-use control and infrastructure provision to the "new urban entrepreneurialism," which focuses on creating new industry and jobs by attracting an economically active population into inner areas and regenerating economic infrastructures.
The agency's skills and higher education manager Gillian Collinson said: "Retaining our graduates is so important for the future development of the region, and at the moment the North-East has a lower level of its economically active population qualified to degree level than any other English region.
Labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization (ILO) definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
The number of unemployed people is 118,000, 4.5 per cent of the economically active population. This is slightly below the national average of 4.7 per cent.
In addition, Canada's nonprofit and voluntary sector is not only "the second largest in the world when expressed as a share of the economically active population," but it also relies more on paid employees than sectors in other countries and its volunteer effort "exceeds both the average for developed countries and the overall international average."
The economically active population (EAP) will also rise to 14.8 million for the region.

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