Ecthyma


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Related to Ecthyma: erysipelas, cellulitis, impetigo, erythrasma, ecthyma contagiosum, ecthyma gangrenosum

ecthyma

[′ek·thə·mə]
(medicine)
An inflammatory skin disease characterized by large flat pustules that ulcerate and become crusted, and are surrounded by a distinct inflammatory areola.

Ecthyma

 

a purulent skin disease caused mainly by streptococci penetrating the skin after minor trauma. The development of the disease is promoted by lowered resistance, metabolic disorders, and vitamin deficiency. A blister forms on the skin, most commonly on the legs. It has an inflammatory infiltrate at the base and purulent or purulent-bloody contents that dry into a crust which, after falling off, reveals a painful ulcer with steep edges and an uneven bottom covered by pus. Ecthyma heals gradually, leaving a scar.

Treatment consists in the application of disinfectant and epithelizing ointments. In severe cases, when deep, multiple eruptions occur, antibiotics are administered. Prevention requires treating bruises with disinfectant solutions.

References in periodicals archive ?
Ecthyma gangrenosum combined with multiple perforations of the small intestine associated with Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
There may be rapid, purplish, haemorrhagic wound discolouration, deepening of the wound, friable or bleeding granulation tissue, eschar separation and tissue necrosis, ecthyma gangrenosa and spreading peri-wound cellulitis.
Bedbug bites are also responsible for numerous secondary infections such as impetigo, ecthyma, and lymphangitis (Burnett, 1986).
When examining skin lesions on llamas, viral diseases to consider as differential diagnoses include vesicular stomatitis, rabies, poxvirus (contagious ecthyma and cowpox virus [CPXV]) (2), foot-and-mouth disease, bluetongue, and mucocutaneous fibropapillomas (3).
Blackleg (1970, 1995) and the contagious ecthyma (1999) were probably introduced into the country by live ruminants imported from Madagascar (9).
This additional observation seems to prove that viruses isolated from chamois and ibex represent an adaptation of the same virus infecting domestic species rather than a separate viral species, despite the fact that the cause of contagious ecthyma in chamois is still considered a tentative species among the PPV genus by official taxonomy (9).
Contagious ecthyma was diagnosed by using PCR and electron microscopy for several sheep that showed blue-tonguelike signs but did not have antibodies to BTV or viral RNA.
The lesion was consistent with ecthyma gangrenosum.
Klebsiella pneumoniae urinary tract infection complicated by endophthalmitis, perinephric abscess, and ecthyma gangrenosum.