Ecthyma


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ecthyma

[′ek·thə·mə]
(medicine)
An inflammatory skin disease characterized by large flat pustules that ulcerate and become crusted, and are surrounded by a distinct inflammatory areola.

Ecthyma

 

a purulent skin disease caused mainly by streptococci penetrating the skin after minor trauma. The development of the disease is promoted by lowered resistance, metabolic disorders, and vitamin deficiency. A blister forms on the skin, most commonly on the legs. It has an inflammatory infiltrate at the base and purulent or purulent-bloody contents that dry into a crust which, after falling off, reveals a painful ulcer with steep edges and an uneven bottom covered by pus. Ecthyma heals gradually, leaving a scar.

Treatment consists in the application of disinfectant and epithelizing ointments. In severe cases, when deep, multiple eruptions occur, antibiotics are administered. Prevention requires treating bruises with disinfectant solutions.

References in periodicals archive ?
CE is caused by the contagious ecthyma virus (also known as orf virus and Parapoxvirus ovis) in the Poxviridae family and Parapoxvirus genus (which also includes the milker's nodule virus (pseudocowpox) and bovine papular stomatitis virus).
Most patients with ecthyma gangrenosum are bacteremic, but there have been reports of inoculation with pseudomonas breakthrough in the skin, said Dr.
Contagious ecthyma outbreaks occur more frequently during period of extreme temperature such as late summer and winter.
Confusing clinical signs in sheep underline the need for developing diagnostic tests to discriminate between bluetongue and other confounding diseases such as contagious ecthyma, border disease, and foot-and-mouth disease.
Klebsiella pneumoniae urinary tract infection complicated by endophthalmitis, perinephric abscess, and ecthyma gangrenosum.
Other local complications are Lymphadenitis, Thrombophlebitis, (47) Ecthyma gangrenosum & gas gangrene.
The differential diagnosis of cutaneous anthrax includes brown recluse spider bite, ecthyma, ulceroglandular tularemia, accidental vaccinia, and necrotic herpes simplex.
Bacterial folliculitis (17%) was the most common presentation followed by furuncle (5%), abscess (2%), and 1% each of carbuncle, cellulitis, leprosy, chancroid, chancre, ecthyma.
Molluscum contagiosum mimicking sebaceous nevus of Jadassohn, ecthyma, and giant condyloma accuminata in HIV infected patients.
Seven lambs died of "other" causes (chronic peritonitis/contagious ecthyma, reticulorumenitis, septicemia, trauma, perforated ulcers, unknown; Table 1).
The other diagnoses were folliculitis in 10 patients, furuncle in 8 patients and ecthyma in 2 patients (Table 3).
8-12) The clinical presentation consists of a single, painful area of cellulitis, which often progress into ecthyma.