Ectopia


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

ectopia

[ek′tōp·ē·ə]
(medicine)
A congenital or acquired positional abnormality of an organ or other part of thebody.

Ectopia

 

displacement of an organ into an adjacent body cavity or to the exterior. Ectopia may occur as a birth defect (anomaly of development) or as a result of injury to the walls of a cavity. Examples include ectopia of the urinary bladder to the exterior in case of partial closure of the anterior abdominal wall, ectopia of the spleen into the pleural cavity in case of hernia or traumatic rupture of the diaphragm, and hereditary ectopia lends, displacement of the crystalline lens of the eye.

Some types of ectopia are fatal, for example, ectopia cordis, congenital displacement of the heart outside the chest wall. Other types of ectopia can be corrected surgically.

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Publications on familial thyroid ectopia and hemiagenesis cases support genetic predisposition.
The exact reason as to why ectopia cordis occurs is not clear, but according to (https://www.
Tooth size in dentitions with buccal canine ectopia.
The most common presentation of ectopia cordis is for the heart to be contained within the pericardium under the muscles in the ventral cervical region with a double apex facing craniodorsally.
2) Con estudios de ultrasonografia prenatal la ectopia renal cruzada tiene una incidencia de 0.
About 80% of patients have ectopia lentis, which is usually bilateral, symmetrical and upward.
Unenhanced computerized tomography (CT) of the abdomen showed left-to-right crossed renal ectopia and a 5 mm stone in the proximal ureter of the kidney located cranially (Figure 1).
Ultrasound is useful for identifying the anechoic, cystic nature of the lesion, but magnetic resonance imaging or CT can be necessary to delineate the relationship with other structures and to show normal, orthotopic thyroid tissue, as these lesions are often associated with thyroid ectopia.
28) Without treatment, 82% of patients will have developed ectopia lentis by 10 years of age.
The severe life-threatening deformities of ectopia cordis and asphyxiating thoracic dystrophy are rare in comparison with the more frequent and milder pectus excavatum and carinatum.