Sucre

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Sucre,

city (1992 pop. 131,769), S central Bolivia, constitutional capital of Bolivia and capital of Chuquisaca dept. Since 1898, La Paz has been the administrative capital of Bolivia and the seat of the legislative and executive branches of government; Sucre is the seat of the judiciary. The city lies in a mountain valley on the eastern slope of the Andes at an altitude of c.8,500 ft (2,590 m). The climate is moderate. Sucre is a major agricultural center and supplies the mining communities of the barren altiplano. It also has an oil refinery and a cement plant. The city is the seat of the archbishopric, the supreme court, and the national university, San Francisco Xavier, which was founded c.1625 and specializes in law. Sucre was founded in 1538 and called La Plata; the city was also called Chuquisaca and Charcas. It was given its present name in 1839 in honor of the revolutionary leader Antonio José de SucreSucre, Antonio José de
, 1795–1830, South American revolutionist, b. Cumaná, Venezuela. He joined (1811) the forces fighting for independence from Spain and rose to be the chief lieutenant of Simón Bolívar.
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. The revolt against Spanish rule began in Sucre in 1809.

Sucre

 

the legal capital of Bolivia and capital of the department of Chuquisaca. Situated in the valley of the Pilcomayo River, on the slopes of the Cordillera Central, at an elevation of 2,700 m. Population, 85,000 (1970). Sucre has a tropical climate; the average January temperature is 12°C, and the average July temperature 9°C. Annual precipitation is 706 mm. Sucre, a highway junction, has a railroad station and an airport. The city has enterprises of the oil-refining, cement, woodworking, and food industries. There is a thermal power plant in the city.

Sucre was founded in 1538 by the Spanish conquistador Pedro de Anzurez, who named the city La Plata (Spanish, “silver”) because of silver deposits found in the area. Later the city was named Chuquisaca (Indian, choque-chaca [”silver mountain”]). On May 25,1809, an uprising in the city marked the beginning of the war for independence from Spain in Upper Peru (Bolivia’s name in the colonial period). In 1839 the city was named after A. J. de Sucre.

In the center of Sucre is the triangular Square of May 25, which includes a park, the Basilica Metropolitana (foundation laid 1571; structure completed 18th century), the Government Palace (1892), the Palace of the Legislative Assembly, various other government buildings, and a monument to A. J. de Sucre (1909). In the northern district, the Square of Liberty features the Obelisk of Liberty, a theater, and the Hospital of Santa Barbara. Colonial-period houses and 16th- and 17th-century churches have also been preserved.

Educational institutions in Sucre include a university, a higher pedagogical school, a polytechnic institute, an institute of oncology, a smallpox vaccination institute, the Sucre Medical Institute, and an institute of sociology. Prominent cultural institutions include the National Library and Archives of Bolivia, museums of anthropology and the fine arts, and the Charcas Colonial Museum.

Sucre

1
Antonio José de . 1795--1830, South American liberator, born in Venezuela, who assisted Bolivar in the colonial revolt against Spain; first president of Bolivia (1826--28)

Sucre

2
the legal capital of Bolivia, in the south central part of the country in the E Andes: university (1624). Pop.: 231 000 (2005 est.)