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(ĕd`ə), title applied to two distinct works in Old Icelandic. The Poetic Edda, or Elder Edda, is a collection (late 13th cent.) of 34 mythological and heroic lays, most of which were composed c.800–c.1200, probably in Iceland or W Norway. Despite uncritical arrangement and textual corruption, the Poetic Edda is the most valuable collection of texts in Old Norse literatureOld Norse literature,
the literature of the Northmen, or Norsemen, c.850–c.1350. It survives mainly in Icelandic writings, for little medieval vernacular literature remains from Norway, Sweden, or Denmark.

The Norwegians who settled Iceland late in the 9th cent.
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. See English translations by L. M. Hollander (2d ed. 1962), P. B. Taylor and W. H. Auden (1969), and U. Dronke (Vol. I, 1969). The Prose Edda, or Younger Edda, was probably written c.1222 by Snorri SturlusonSnorri Sturluson or Sturleson
, 1178–1241, Icelandic chieftain, historian, critic, and saga teller, the leading figure in medieval Norse literature.
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 as a guide to the scaldic poetry of Iceland. The first two parts constitute an account of Scandinavian mythology and are the prime source on the subject; the third part is a compendium of the complex diction of scaldic poetry; the fourth, a treatise on the meters employed. Abridged translations of the Prose Edda, treating primarily the first mythical part, have been made by J. I. Young (new ed. 1966).


For studies of both Eddas, see Einarsson, A History of Icelandic Literature (1957), P. Hallberg, The Icelandic Saga (1962); C. J. Clover and J. Lindow, ed., Old Norse-Icelandic Literature: A Critical Guide (1978).

References in periodicals archive ?
Brymskvida shows formulaic phrasal parallels with a number of other eddic and skaldic poems, including some of the later heroic poems in the cycle of the Burgundians, notably Gudrunarkvida I and Oddrunargratr.
Interesting and wide-ranging as are the introductions and commentaries to these poems, I would still prefer students to read the eddic poems in Hans Kuhn's edition and to use the translation of his `Kurzes Worterbuch' (translated into English as Glossary to the Poetic Edda by Beatrice La Farge and John Tucker, 1992) for their interpretation.
54) That the figure of the volva, the wise and prophetic woman, is depicted in Eddic poetry and in the sagas suggests that a later reflex of the wise woman was current in thirteenth-century Iceland.
In literary terms, they located the essence of their ethical system in literature of the pre-Settlement period: in grammatical treatises, which theorized skaldic poetry as a repository of the past, in skaldic poetry itself, and especially in Eddic verse, for 'heltedigtningen fremstiller islaendingesagaernes vaerdisystem i dets ekstremer' (the heroic poems express an extreme version of the value system of the Icelander's sagas, p.
Other chapters deal with the eddic poems concerning the education of Siguro and with Old English wisdom poetry, whilst an impressive cluster of chapters at the end of the book considers both Norse and English traditions together, and discusses the function of gnomic material in nature poetry, elegy and narrative verse.