Edema Disease

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Edema Disease


of suckling pigs, an acute disease that arises in suckling pigs of weaning age. Edema disease affects the central nervous system and the gastrointestinal tract and is characterized by the development of gelatinous edema in various tissues and organs. The disease sometimes affects up to 40–60 percent of a farm population, with a mortality rate of 80–100 percent.

The cause of edema disease has not been sufficiently studied. Most researchers believe that infection of the intestinal tract with beta-hemolytic coliform bacilli is the primary etiological factor. The typical symptoms are a nervous syndrome accompanied by agitation and short-term convulsions and the subsequent development of paresis and paralysis. Edema disease can be prevented by carefully supervising the weaning period and by eliminating errors in the care and feeding of young pigs.


Porokhov, F. F. “Otechnaia bolezn’ porosiat.” In Veterinarnaia entsiklopediia, vol. 4. Moscow, 1973. Pages 704–06.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In pig farming, fimbriae F4, F5, F6, and F41 are linked to enteric disorders, and the F18 fimbria is linked with edema disease (FAIRBROTHER et al., 1986).
The prevalence of maculopathy was 6.31% (based on International Clinical Diabetic Macular Edema Disease Severity Scale): mild (hard exudates the away from the macula) 42.7%, moderate (hard exudates within the macula but not involving the fovea) 37.3%, and severe (hard exudates encroaching upon the centre of the macula) 19.9 %.