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see IdfuIdfu
or Edfu
, town (1986 pop. 45,737), S central Egypt, on the Nile River. It is an agricultural trade center and has paper mills and a sugar refinery. Idfu was the capital of a predynastic upper Egyptian kingdom that flourished c.3400 B.C. and worshiped Horus.
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, Egypt.



(present-day Idfu), an ancient city in Upper Egypt, in what is now the muhafazah (governorate) of Aswan; situated on the left bank of the Nile. From predynastic times, Edfu was the center of the cult of the sun-god, who was depicted as a winged disk. Later this god was identified with Horus and then with Apollo, and as a result the city was known as Apollonopolis Magna in Greco-Roman times.

Preserved structures include a temple complex devoted to the worship of Horus; the complex, which dates from Ptolemaic times (237 B.C. to the mid-first century B.C.), was built on the site of an ancient temple of the time of Ramses III. Excavations conducted in the 1920’s and 1930’s yielded residential quarters of the city and a necropolis. Articles of everyday use have been found, some from the period of the Old Kingdom but mainly from the Greco-Roman, Coptic, and Byzantine periods.


Rochemonteix, M., and E. Chassinat. Le Temple d’Edfou, vols. 1–11. Paris-Cairo, 1897–1934.
Tell Edfou, vols. 1–3. Cairo, 1937–39.
References in periodicals archive ?
Penelope Wilson makes interesting use of inscriptions to examine the nature of rituals, with meticulous research of the inscriptions at Edfu and Dendera to illuminate the temple-centred Graeco-Roman crocodile-adoring and crocodile-slaying cults.
Seven people were killed and four others were injured in a car crash on the Edfu Desert road in Aswan governorate on Tuesday, state media reported.
Edfu is also the subject of the paper by Joachim Quack, "Die Theologisierung der biirokratischen Norm zur Baube-schreibung in Edfu im Vergleich zum Buch vom Tempel.
Highlights include the Temple of Horus at Edfu, the Temple of Kom Ombo, the High Dam & Philae Temple at Aswan, Valley of the Kings and Luxor and Karnak.
WONDERS OF NILE: Archers Direct (0871 423 8638) offers eight day voyage, ex-Gatwick/Manchester April 14, via Valley of Kings & Queens, Edfu, Aswan, Luxor and Karnak.
The visit helped make sense of the Valley of the Kings and the colossal temples of Hatchepsut, Edfu, Kom Ombo and Philae we had already visited as part of our eight-day trip with Panorama Holidays.
The gruelling journey will take them from Luxor to Aswan and back through 3,000 years of history including the celebrated temple at Edfu and Tutankhamun's tomb.
At Esna, there is a visit to the Temple of Khnum, the creator-god; at Edfu, a ride aboard horse-drawn carriages to the Temple of Horus.
Temples include Hatshepsut, Philae, Edfu, and Karnak.
was an administrative center situated at an important crossroads of various caravan routes, especially the east-west route leading via the Dush Pass to Esna and Edfu in the Nile Valley.
These packages range from 10 to 13 days and include a wide variety of tours in locations such as Cairo, Luxor, Edfu, Aswan, and Kom Ombo.
Highlights include the Temple of Horus at Edfu, the High Dam and Philae Temple at Aswan, Valley of the Kings and temples at Luxor and Karnak.