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see IdfuIdfu
or Edfu
, town (1986 pop. 45,737), S central Egypt, on the Nile River. It is an agricultural trade center and has paper mills and a sugar refinery. Idfu was the capital of a predynastic upper Egyptian kingdom that flourished c.3400 B.C. and worshiped Horus.
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, Egypt.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(present-day Idfu), an ancient city in Upper Egypt, in what is now the muhafazah (governorate) of Aswan; situated on the left bank of the Nile. From predynastic times, Edfu was the center of the cult of the sun-god, who was depicted as a winged disk. Later this god was identified with Horus and then with Apollo, and as a result the city was known as Apollonopolis Magna in Greco-Roman times.

Preserved structures include a temple complex devoted to the worship of Horus; the complex, which dates from Ptolemaic times (237 B.C. to the mid-first century B.C.), was built on the site of an ancient temple of the time of Ramses III. Excavations conducted in the 1920’s and 1930’s yielded residential quarters of the city and a necropolis. Articles of everyday use have been found, some from the period of the Old Kingdom but mainly from the Greco-Roman, Coptic, and Byzantine periods.


Rochemonteix, M., and E. Chassinat. Le Temple d’Edfou, vols. 1–11. Paris-Cairo, 1897–1934.
Tell Edfou, vols. 1–3. Cairo, 1937–39.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Temples of Hatshepsut, above, and Edfu, below, are just two of the fantastic sights on this six-day Nile cruise on the Royal Viking
NILE: Shearings (0844 209 7143) offers seven-night Classic Nile Cruise from PS749 on departures in May/June, with highlights including Valley of the Kings & Queens, markets, Temple of Edfu, with optional hot-air balloon trip for a bird's eye view of West Bank and countryside.
State-owned AL-AHRAM led with the Justice Ministry's formation of an investigative committee that will begin its work in Aswan at the scene of an attack last month on an Edfu church that sparked the Maspero marches.
Although this beleaguered government was aware that a gale was blowing from the village of Marinab in Edfu, Aswan (after the outbreak of a dispute over a demolished Coptic Orthodox Church property), it carelessly refused to act swiftly and defuse the crisis.
All perpetrators of the heinous burning and ransacking of the Edfu church should of course be brought to justice.
Burning the Church Dome: AWR Investigations in Edfu The specter of ill-feeling between Arab Muslims and Christians is often played on by the media-- but it has re-surfaced - or never gone away-- in Egypt this year.
Mustafa Al-Sayed asserted that security conditions are fully stable, noting there were some peaceful demonstrations in Edfu and Kom Ombo towns with the aim of expressing views under a security protection.
Stops include Karnak and Luxor Temples, Valley of the Kings and Valley of the Queens, Edfu, Kom Ombo and Unfinished Obelisk HAWAII STAY & CRUISE Virgin Holidays Cruises (0871 781 9893) overnight in LA before joining Queen Victoria to visit Hawaii, and Ensenada (Mexico).
The Wagners will describe their experiences in traveling from Cairo in the north of Egypt, to Abu Simbel in the south, with stops in Aswan, Luxor, Edfu, Memphis, Giza and other sites of significance.
Roughly half-way to Aswan stands Edfu, probably the best preserved temple in Egypt, despite being over 2,300 years old.