Edgard Varèse

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Related to Edgard Varese: John Cage, Igor Stravinsky, Karlheinz Stockhausen, Philip Glass

Varèse, Edgard

 

Born Dec. 22, 1885, in Paris; died Nov. 7, 1965, in New York. American composer, conductor, and public figure in music. French by nationality.

Varèse studied composition under A. Roussel, V. d’Indy, and C. Widor in Paris. In 1908 he appeared in Berlin with the Symphonic Chorus, which had been organized by him. Beginning in 1915, Várese lived in the USA, where he founded a number of musical groups and organizations; he also took part in creating the Pan-American Association of Composers (1926). Várese was a representative of modern musical avantgardism. He experimented with the renovation of timbre in the musical idiom with the aid of modern technology and industrial noises; he utilized electronic music (Electronic Poem; Ionization, written for 41 percussion instruments and two sirens); and he tried to extend the acoustical potentials of musical instruments. Although public performances of Varèse’s works in Europe and the USA evoked protests from the audiences, he influenced modern avant-gardists.

REFERENCES

Wilkinson, M. “Edgar Varèese—Pioneer and Prophet.” Melos, 1961, no. 3.
Ouellette, F. Edgard Varèese. Paris, 1966. (Contains bibliography.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Georges Charbonnier's conversations with Edgard Varese (1970) Pierre Bougeade's with Man Ray (1972), Alain Bosquet's with Salvador Dali (1983), Claude Samuel's with Olivier Messiaen (1986), and Pascal Vrebos' with Henry Miller (1991), as well as many others.
The center of the exhibit consisted of a reconstruction of Walter and Louise Arensberg's main studio in their apartment at 33 West 67th Street, which served as a nightly gathering, drinking, and partying place for European artists who had sought refuge from World War I in New York (Marcel Duchamp, Francis Picabia, Jean Crotti, Albert Gleizes and Juliette Roche, Edgard Varese, Henri-Pierre Roche, Arthur Cravan) as well as for young American artists (Man Ray, Charles Demuth, John Covert, Arthur Dove, Morton Schamberg, Charles Sheeler, Joseph Stella, and Beatrice Wood).
Higgins includes ten pages excerpted from Cowell's unpublished manuscript "The Nature of Melody," four sections from the out-of-print American Composers on American Music (Cowell on Charles Ives, Charles Seeger, Edgard Varese, and John J.
The c onfrontation of nature with human-made products continues in part four, which concentrates on music of Carl Ruggles, Edgard Varese, Harry Partch, Steve Reich, and Peter Sculthorpe, and how their lives and compositions reflect the increasingly ecological focus of artistic expressions.
We would dine together at Pierre Matisse's, on East 96th Street, along with Matta, Le Corbusier, the filmmaker Thomas Bouchard, Rufino Tamayo, the composer Edgard Varese and his wife Louise (the translator), and Jose Luis Sert.
To gauge his considerable influence on twentieth-century musical practice, consider that his instruments have been heard in diverse contexts, both "low" and "high," including "Good Vibrations" by the Beach Boys, Ecuatorial by Edgard Varese, and Final Alice by David Del Tredici.
Giacomo Puccini, Claude Debussy, Maurice Ravel, Edgard Varese, Ernest Bloch, Benjamin Britten, Sergey Rakhmaninov, and Olivier Messiaen are among the composers mentioned.
Jolivet studied composition and instrumentation with Edgard Varese and was one of Varese's few direct musical heirs.
Commentators have observed the influence of Messiaen, Gyorgy Ligeti, and Edgard Varese on Benjamin's handling of instrumental resources.
As Davidson delicately suggests, in France she was a rich, artistic foreigner, not a "colonial"; James Joyce, Marc Honegger, Albert Roussel, Jacques Ibert, Darius Milhaud, Edgard Varese, and Francis Poulenc were among the guests at her housewarming party.