contour

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contour

or

contour line,

line on a topographic map connecting points of equal elevation above or below mean sea level. It is thus a kind of isopleth, or line of equal quantity. Contour lines are drawn on maps with a uniform interval of vertical distance separating them (usually 10, 20, 50, or 100 ft on American maps) and thus outline the landform configuration, or relief. They may be visualized as representing shorelines if sea level were raised in small increments. Thus the tops of hills, which would appear as separate islands, are shown as a series of closed circular contours; valleys, which would appear as elongate bays, are shown as contour lines converging toward a point at the head of the valley. Since on steep slopes there is little horizontal distance between points greatly different in height, contour lines indicating such terrain are close together; contour lines of gentle slopes are more widely separated. Maps employing contour lines are called contour, or relief, maps although they are popularly called topographic maps (see topographytopography
, description or representation of the features and configuration of land surfaces. Topographic maps use symbols and coloring, with particular attention given to the shape and elevations of terrain.
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) in the United States. Certain conventions are employed on these maps to assist the user. Contours indicating land elevations are printed in brown with every fifth contour drawn thicker and labeled with its elevation; those indicating depths of bodies of water are printed in blue. Hachure lines, pointing downslope, are attached to contour lines in order to emphasize a depression with a steep gradient. In the past, contour maps were made from ground surveys. Today they are constructed from stereographic aerial photographs and orbiting satellites, which use radar to measure elevations for land or ocean relief maps. In an analogous way, contour lines are also commonly used to map properties other than elevation; meteorologists, for example, employ contour lines, or isobars, to delineate areas of equal barometric pressures.

CONTOUR

(kon -toor) A NASA mission to be launched in July 2002 to study at least three comets: Encke (2003), Schwassmann–Wachmann-3 (2006), and d'Arrest (2008). The mission is designed so that it could be retargeted to intercept other unforseen comets.

contour

[′kän‚tu̇r]
(mapping)
(physics)
A curve drawn up on a two-dimensional diagram through points which satisfy f (x,y) = c, where c is a constant and f is some function, such as the field strength for a transmitter.
(science and technology)
The periphery of a figure or body.

contour

contour
i. Lines on a map joining places of equal height above a selected datum level. They are drawn at a suitable interval, and the greater the bunching, the steeper the slope. The highest point is shown as a spot height.
ii. A line on a radarscope that shows the areas of equal radar echo intensity.
References in periodicals archive ?
To retain the color information as well as to segment the road lane boundaries using the color information, edge detection becomes difficult and consequently effects the processing time.
A Novel Approach for Blood Vessel Edge Detection in Retinal Images, 2nd International Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Informatics; 2009 Oct 17-19; Taiwan, China; 2009.
In this section we implement proposed edge detection algorithm for different images with constant Gaussian white noise.
Valid striation marks are located by applying an edge detection technique and by subsequent filtering processes so that only valid correlation areas are used for the compressed profile generation.
com/), the experts in connectivity solutions launch new edge detection switching technology 'Free-flow', delivering instantaneous keyboard and mouse control across multiple computers.
Edge detection algorithms can be divided into two distinct groups: search-based and zero-crossing based (Figure 3).
Section (4) presents algorithms required and section (5) shows the experimental results of different edge detection images with the subjective and objective evaluation methods and finally the discussion of the results and conclusion is presented in section (6).
7] presented an iris segmentation method based on Canny edge detection and Hough transform, Tisse et al.
Edge detection process extracts the points of alternation between bars and spaces.
To solve restoration problems, diffusive methods were associated to the topological gradient for edge detection.
Additional plug-in modules provide DC-RF switching, isolated analog outputs, digital I/O, and edge detection.
Conventional image processing algorithm involves color to gray level conversion, edge detection by Sobel or Canny filters, morphological image processing operators to isolate porosity, quantitative characterization of porosity.