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a decree, order, or ordinance issued by a sovereign, state, or any other holder of authority
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Russian, ukaz), in most modern states, an order of the head of state. In its legal content it may be normative—that is, it may establish a new legal norm—or nonnormative, for example, an edict assigning a person to a post or awarding a decoration.

In the USSR, in accordance with the Constitution of the USSR and the constitutions of the Union and autonomous republics, edicts are issued by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR or by the presidia of the supreme soviets of the Union and autonomous republics. Edicts of a normative character, as well as edicts appointing or dismissing officials and members of government, are subject to approval by the appropriate supreme soviet at a regular session. Edicts of a general normative character enter into force throughout the USSR ten days after their publication in lzvestiia or in Vedomosti Verkhovnogo Soveta SSSR (Bulletin of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR), unless another period is specified in the edict. Edicts of a nonnormative character take effect from the moment of their publication unless another time is established by the edict.

Various terms are used in modern bourgeois states to refer to the concept of edict—for example, decret (French), Verordnung (German), and “order” (English).



(1) In Roman law, an authoritative order or statement issued by a magistrate, especially a praetor, upon assumption of office to present his program. The edict remained in force throughout the magistrate’s term. In practice, the basic legal provisions of the praetorian edict were recopied from year to year and thus took on a general normative character. In the second century A.D., the Roman jurist Salvius Julianus drew up the final text of the praetorian edict.

(2) In the Roman Empire and a number of the medieval monarchies of Western Europe, a type of law issued by the emperor or sovereign. An example of such an edict is the Edict of Nantes, which was issued in 1598 in France.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Asked if the edict is now law, Zaeef said it is not one yet.
Youth and Sports Affairs Minister shall implement the edict, which takes immediate effect, and will be published in the Official Gazette.
Sazali further said the state fatwa committee, comprising the state mufti, university scholars and theologians, would convene a meeting on the edict.
Under the fourth edict, Diana Faisal Sarhan has been appointed director of the Public Libraries Directorate, affiliated with the Education Ministry.
Mutawakil defended the order and said clergymen in Pakistan and Egypt have criticized the edict on political or other considerations.
HRH the Crown Prince issued edict 3 of 2019 appointing Khalid Ibrahim Humaidan as EDB Chief Executive Officer as from the 1st of September 2019.
Edict (22) appointed Sa'ad Mubarak Sa'ad Mubarak as Policy and Regulatory Affairs director at the CSB.
The event stressed the need to impelement the edict, given its importance in protecting workers' health and ensuring their safety.
His Royal Highness Prime Minister Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa issued an edict amending some provisions of the executive regulation determining salaries and benefits and prescribing eligibility conditions for employees who are subject to the Civil Service Law, promulgated by Edict 77/2013.
Manama, July 7 (BNA): His Royal Highness Prince Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa, the Crown Prince, Deputy Supreme Commander and First Deputy Prime Minister, today issued Edict 22/2019, appointing directors at the Finance and National Economy Ministry.