Edict


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edict

a decree, order, or ordinance issued by a sovereign, state, or any other holder of authority

Edict

 

(Russian, ukaz), in most modern states, an order of the head of state. In its legal content it may be normative—that is, it may establish a new legal norm—or nonnormative, for example, an edict assigning a person to a post or awarding a decoration.

In the USSR, in accordance with the Constitution of the USSR and the constitutions of the Union and autonomous republics, edicts are issued by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR or by the presidia of the supreme soviets of the Union and autonomous republics. Edicts of a normative character, as well as edicts appointing or dismissing officials and members of government, are subject to approval by the appropriate supreme soviet at a regular session. Edicts of a general normative character enter into force throughout the USSR ten days after their publication in lzvestiia or in Vedomosti Verkhovnogo Soveta SSSR (Bulletin of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR), unless another period is specified in the edict. Edicts of a nonnormative character take effect from the moment of their publication unless another time is established by the edict.

Various terms are used in modern bourgeois states to refer to the concept of edict—for example, decret (French), Verordnung (German), and “order” (English).


Edict

 

(1) In Roman law, an authoritative order or statement issued by a magistrate, especially a praetor, upon assumption of office to present his program. The edict remained in force throughout the magistrate’s term. In practice, the basic legal provisions of the praetorian edict were recopied from year to year and thus took on a general normative character. In the second century A.D., the Roman jurist Salvius Julianus drew up the final text of the praetorian edict.

(2) In the Roman Empire and a number of the medieval monarchies of Western Europe, a type of law issued by the emperor or sovereign. An example of such an edict is the Edict of Nantes, which was issued in 1598 in France.

References in periodicals archive ?
The image thus indicates that if what is ordained in the edict is transgressed, the land will be assaulted by these goddesses of pestilence and misfortune, depicted in the form of their vehicle, the ass.
One of his rock edicts highlighted the theme of religious tolerance in these words: "The faiths of others all deserve to be honored for one reason or another.
Under article 1 of the fifth edict Transport Ministry director of human and financial resources Aref Hassan Al Mansouri will be the director of human resources in the same ministry.
Edict Pharmaceuticals Private Limited is a Chennai, India-based developer and manufacturer of solid oral dosage generic pharmaceuticals with a highly-skilled research and development team and strong product pipeline focused on niche first-to-file, first-to-market products.
Some historians have argued that the edict has to be understood within its historical context.
Currently, Edict Pharmaceuticals is developing generic formulations for filing ANDAs in the USA markets.
Antara News Agency quoted the council's Edict Commission chairman Amin Suma in West Sumatera Monday as saying that MUI decided in the meeting that smoking for Muslims was between haram (forbidden) and makruh (objectionable).
The basis for EDICT was to identify tools designed for recruitment, retention, and return as well as provide resources.
Rabbis in Israel issued an edict Wednesday barring men and women from attending mixed theaters even though most facilities have segregated entrances and seating.
TELECOMWORLDWIRE-22 August 2006-Reiss Group selects Torex Retail's Edict e-mail solution(C)1994-2006 M2 COMMUNICATIONS LTD http://www.
The star's solicitor-advocate Nigel Tait told Mr Justice Eady inthe High Court: "In fact, not only was no such edict issued at all, Sir Elton greets each guest as they arrive.