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a decree, order, or ordinance issued by a sovereign, state, or any other holder of authority



(Russian, ukaz), in most modern states, an order of the head of state. In its legal content it may be normative—that is, it may establish a new legal norm—or nonnormative, for example, an edict assigning a person to a post or awarding a decoration.

In the USSR, in accordance with the Constitution of the USSR and the constitutions of the Union and autonomous republics, edicts are issued by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR or by the presidia of the supreme soviets of the Union and autonomous republics. Edicts of a normative character, as well as edicts appointing or dismissing officials and members of government, are subject to approval by the appropriate supreme soviet at a regular session. Edicts of a general normative character enter into force throughout the USSR ten days after their publication in lzvestiia or in Vedomosti Verkhovnogo Soveta SSSR (Bulletin of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR), unless another period is specified in the edict. Edicts of a nonnormative character take effect from the moment of their publication unless another time is established by the edict.

Various terms are used in modern bourgeois states to refer to the concept of edict—for example, decret (French), Verordnung (German), and “order” (English).



(1) In Roman law, an authoritative order or statement issued by a magistrate, especially a praetor, upon assumption of office to present his program. The edict remained in force throughout the magistrate’s term. In practice, the basic legal provisions of the praetorian edict were recopied from year to year and thus took on a general normative character. In the second century A.D., the Roman jurist Salvius Julianus drew up the final text of the praetorian edict.

(2) In the Roman Empire and a number of the medieval monarchies of Western Europe, a type of law issued by the emperor or sovereign. An example of such an edict is the Edict of Nantes, which was issued in 1598 in France.

References in periodicals archive ?
Asked if the edict is now law, Zaeef said it is not one yet.
The undersecretary said there is continuous coordination between Municipal Affairs and the Directorate of Customer Services in EWA to modify the municipal charges for these families in their relevant electricity bills in compliance with the abovementioned ministerial edicts.
EDICT Systems has over 1,000 software customers (FORMULA_ONE(TM) and BCLM -- Bar Code Label Modules).
EDICT, founded in 1990, is a provider of Business-to-Business Electronic Commerce products and services.
All landlords shall report to the competent municipality and adjust the situation of their leased buildings in accordance with the provisions of this edict within a period not exceeding six months after its issuance.
Both of our organizations share a dedication to customer service, and Edict is committed to providing new and innovative solutions to help Mitchell's serve their customers better.
The minister made the comment in an interview with Afghan Islamic Press (AIP) ahead of a visit by Japanese parliamentarians seeking to have the edict rescinded.
Even though the goal may have been to affect Israeli politics, the Union of Orthodox Rabbis' edict hit a nerve here.
First: Clause 38 paragraph 12 of the Executive Code of the Civil Service Law issued under Edict 51/2012 has been replaced as follows:
The first edict establishes the High Committee of the Bahrain International Air Show (BIAS).
The move, first hinted at in a brief Vatican note in May but formally announced in an edict Nov.
Germany-based online casino solutions provider, edict egaming, has slashed bandwidth costs in the Isle of Man by around 44% by using the CDNetworks Content Delivery Network.