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a decree, order, or ordinance issued by a sovereign, state, or any other holder of authority
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Russian, ukaz), in most modern states, an order of the head of state. In its legal content it may be normative—that is, it may establish a new legal norm—or nonnormative, for example, an edict assigning a person to a post or awarding a decoration.

In the USSR, in accordance with the Constitution of the USSR and the constitutions of the Union and autonomous republics, edicts are issued by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR or by the presidia of the supreme soviets of the Union and autonomous republics. Edicts of a normative character, as well as edicts appointing or dismissing officials and members of government, are subject to approval by the appropriate supreme soviet at a regular session. Edicts of a general normative character enter into force throughout the USSR ten days after their publication in lzvestiia or in Vedomosti Verkhovnogo Soveta SSSR (Bulletin of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR), unless another period is specified in the edict. Edicts of a nonnormative character take effect from the moment of their publication unless another time is established by the edict.

Various terms are used in modern bourgeois states to refer to the concept of edict—for example, decret (French), Verordnung (German), and “order” (English).



(1) In Roman law, an authoritative order or statement issued by a magistrate, especially a praetor, upon assumption of office to present his program. The edict remained in force throughout the magistrate’s term. In practice, the basic legal provisions of the praetorian edict were recopied from year to year and thus took on a general normative character. In the second century A.D., the Roman jurist Salvius Julianus drew up the final text of the praetorian edict.

(2) In the Roman Empire and a number of the medieval monarchies of Western Europe, a type of law issued by the emperor or sovereign. An example of such an edict is the Edict of Nantes, which was issued in 1598 in France.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Edict 40/ 2015 stipulates that government procurement will prioritise GCC national products, providing that the amended version of the unified rules be adopted, taking into account the international conventions ratified by the Kingdom of Bahrain.
The Minister of Industry, Commerce and Tourism has been tasked to implement this Edict effective from the date of issuance, and to be published in the Official Gazette.
The second edict appointed Mohammed Ibrahim Al Humaidi as director of Port Operations and Technical Services at the Transportation and Telecommunications Ministry.
A few letters of the first line of the inscription are visible, confirming that the script is Nagari as in other Shilahara edicts. The upper part too is broken and only the moon is visible on the extreme right, but considering the width of the stele, the sun and the kalasha must have been engraved here as well.
Based on these edicts, there is hardly one in the long line of rulers in the history of the world to match Asoka's benevolence, compassion, truthfulness, dedication and, above all, his intense devotion to the well-being of his subjects.
The second edict deals with naming the relevant administrative body and the minister for societies, places of accommodations, cultural and social clubs for foreign communities which are established by private authorities and companies, as well as the private institutions including defining their scopes.
IV) Scripts (tehreer):Excluding the Major Rock Edict - VII, composed in Kharoshti, popularly read by the Central Asian inhabitants, remaining i.e.
Nasir Al Sarami, a liberal Saudi writer, said edicts like the one issued by Al Luhaidan emphasised the need for rationalisation while issuing fatwas.
On December 31, 1995, as an appropriate follow-up to the Human Sexuality edict, Pope John Paul II warned Christians against excessive year-end celebrations, saying such behavior belonged to pagans.
Edict 17/2019 stipulated the rescinding of the "overall frame for Higher Educational Institutions academic programs auditing unit" as per Edict 45/2019, and replacing it with the "overall frame for Higher Educational Institutions academic programs auditing" associated with this Edict.
According to edict (20), the Housing Bank Board of directors will be re-formed under the chairmanship of the Housing Minister.
Several works have been written about the life, religion, and philosophy of Maurya ruler Asoka (273-232 BC), says Hazra, but no one seems to have noticed the important contributions of edicts to his reign.