Edison Phonograph

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Phonograph, Edison


an instrument for mechanical sound recording and reproduction, invented by T. A. Edison in 1877. The sound is recorded by a needle on a cylinder wrapped with tin foil or on paper tape coated with a layer of wax; the needle is coupled to a diaphragm and traces a helical groove of variable depth on the surface of the foil. During reproduction, the needle moves along the groove and is mechanically vibrated, and the coupled diaphragm radiates sound. In an improved form the Edison phonograph was used until the 1930’s, mostly as a dictaphone. Later phonographs incorporating design improvements—disks instead of cyinders and electrical and magnetic recording—supplanted Edison’s original design in the 1940’s and 1950’s.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1906 Snouck Hurgronje repatriated to the Netherlands on his way to an influential academic career, but he sent his Edison phonograph to Jedda and Mecca, where numerous recordings were made.
Edison phonograph with brass horn and cylinders would probably be worth $395 to $695.
A rare Edison phonograph sold for [euro]34,000 at Christie's, while an HMV model 202 gramophone made [euro]16,000.
And as for carting your Edison Phonograph along when you went out for a jog - well, literally carrying it in a cart was the only way you were going to do that.
The new funding will also mean that TWAM staff wil hear what is recorded on an early Edison phonograph cylinder, donated in 1936, for the first time.
Awed by the new technology which an American teacher brought into the country in 1901, General remembered the first Edison phonograph being played in his class at a primary school in Ligao town (now city) in Albay province.
The material is part of the Music Library's Thomas Edison Collection of American Sheet Music, which was gathered by the Edison Phonograph Company in the first decades of the twentieth century for the purpose of selecting pieces to record on the Edison record label.
Besides cash, Read had an antique Edison phonograph with dozens of recording drums that he left to the Dummerston Historical Society, Rowell said.
From the very first Edison phonograph to the emergence of the first music piracy and the rise of record companies such as Victor and Columbia, Sutton sums it all up in short, essay-like chapters .
There are also poems about seals, whales and penguins, the landscape: "Whale bone, boat hull: what is left / exhaled by ocean ..." but language as artifact continues to absorb her: "Ferns of language pressed into the soft wax cylinder of an Edison phonograph ...
Edison phonograph: James says: This was Mary's dad's and is a family heirloom.
Their plotting is overheard by black billionaire philanthropist Dougie Fredericks, who tries to foil their dastardly plan using a hard-to-conceal Edison phonograph for the world's last wire-tap.