Edmond Nocard


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Nocard, Edmond

 

Born Jan. 22, 1850, in Provins; died Aug. 2, 1903, in Saint-Maurice. French epizootologist.

Nocard graduated in 1873 from the Alfort Veterinary School. He became head of the school’s department of surgery and pathology in 1883 and served as director of the school from 1887 to 1891. Nocard’s main works were devoted to infectious diseases in animals, including anthrax, rabies, strangles, and foot-and-mouth disease. He developed a method for growing tuberculosis bacteria on glycerin media, improved the technique of using mallein and tuberculin in diagnostic procedures, and was the first to produce antidiphtheric and antitetanic serums. Some of Nocard’s works were translated into Russian.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Mikrobnye bolezni zhivotnykh, vols. 1–2, fases. 1–4. St. Petersburg, 1908. (Coauthor, A. Leclainche.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Nocardia was first isolated by Edmond Nocard in 1888 from a case of bovine farcy.
Among the ubiquitous saprophytic filamentous Gram-positive bacteria in the aerobic Actinomyces group is the species Nocardia, first isolated on Guadeloupe Island by Edmond Nocard in 1888 from farcy- (lymphadenitis-) afflicted cattle [9, 10].
In 1901, at the London Congress on Tuberculosis, he encountered strong disagreement from leading bacteriologists, including Joseph Lister, Edmond Nocard, Bernhard Bang, John McFadyean, and Theobald Smith.