Edmund Cartwright


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Edward Cartwright
Birthday
BirthplaceNottinghamshire
Died
NationalityEnglish
Known for Power loom

Cartwright, Edmund,

1743–1823, English inventor and clergyman. He was the inventor of an imperfect power loom that, when finally patented (1785), became the parent of the modern loom. It was the first machine to make practical the weaving of wide cotton cloth. A few of Cartwright's many other inventions were a wool-combing machine (1789), a machine for ropemaking (1792), and an engine (1797) that used alcohol as fuel. He cooperated with FultonFulton, Robert,
1765–1815, American inventor, engineer, and painter, b. near Lancaster, Pa. He was a man remarkable for his many talents and his mechanical genius.
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 on his experiments with steam navigation.

Cartwright, Edmund

 

Born Apr. 24, 1743, in Marnham, Nottinghamshire; died Oct. 30, 1823, in Hastings, Sussex. English inventor of the power loom. After graduating from Oxford University (1764), he became a country clergyman. In 1785, Cartwright took out a patent for the treadle-operated loom, which he had invented; the shuttle was driven by hand. He was able to combine in this loom, which was improved in 1786, all the basic operations of hand weaving. In 1785, Cartwright built a mill with 20 looms in Doncaster, Yorkshire, and in 1789 installed a steam engine to drive them. Cartwright’s loom was widely used after improvements made by other inventors (1813 and 1822).

REFERENCE

Tseitlin, E. A. Ocherki istorii tekstiVnoi tekhniki. Moscow-Leningrad, 1940.
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ON THIS DAY...1743: Edmund Cartwright, inventor of the power loom, was born.
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1743: Edmund Cartwright, British inventor of the power loom in 1785, born in Marnham, Notts.