Edmund Halley


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Halley, Edmund

 

Born Oct. 29, 1656, in Haggerston, near London; died Jan. 14, 1742, in Greenwich. English astronomer and geophysicist. Studied at Oxford University and became a member of the London Royal Society in 1678. Became a professor of mathematics at Oxford University in 1703 and director of the Greenwich Observatory in 1720.

In 1676-78, Halley compiled the first telescopic catalog of 341 stars in the southern sky; he discovered the first periodic comet (Halley’s comet, 1682) and predicted its return in 1758. In 1718 he discovered the proper motion of stars, and in 1720-38 he discovered new perturbations in the motion of the moon and the planets. As a result of his expeditions (1698-1700) he compiled the first detailed geomagnetic map (1701). He was the first to publish (at his own expense) I. Newton’s Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy. He translated from Arabic and published (1710) the mathematical works of Apollonius of Perga.

REFERENCES

Danneman, F. Istoriia estestvoznaniia, vol. 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1935. (Contains a list of Halley’s works.)
Eremeeva, A. I. Vydaiushchiesia astronomy mira. Moscow, 1966. Pages 148-49. (Contains a list of works about Halley.)
Pannekoek, A. Istoriia astronomii. Moscow, 1966. (Translated from English.)

A. I. EREMEEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Centuries before Linus Torvalds (creator of the Linux operating system) opined that "given enough eyeballs, all bugs are shallow," Edmund Halley understood the value of collaboration--hence his entreaties to Hooke and Newton.
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Historia Coelestis by John Flamsteed, edited by Edmund Halley, published without Flamsteed's consent.
In 1693 Edmund Halley, discoverer of the comet, computed the first such life table.
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In 1705, astronomer Edmund Halley noticed that the comets of 1531, 1607, and 1682 all had the same orbit and period.
With any naked eye object it is impossible to know who the discoverer really was, but M13 is generally attributed to Edmund Halley who observed it in 1714.
Modern western thinking on eclipses was solidified by astronomer Edmund Halley, of Halley's Comet fame, in 1715.
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