Edom


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Related to Edom: Esau

Edom

(ē`dŏm),

Idumaea,

or

Idumea

(both: īdyo͞omē`ə), mountainous country, called also Mt. Seir. According to the Book of Genesis, it was given to EsauEsau
[Heb.,=hairy], in the Bible, son of Isaac, who sold his birthright to his younger twin, Jacob, for lentil stew and who was tricked by Jacob out of his father's blessing. Also known as Edom [Heb.,=ruddy], the disinherited Esau settled on Mt.
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, also called Edom, and his descendants. It extended along the eastern border of the Arabah valley, from the Dead Sea to Elat. Edomite history was marked by continuous hostility and warfare with Jews, Assyrians, and Syrians. At the end of the 2d cent. B.C., they were subdued by Hasmonaean priest-king John Hyrcanus I, forcibly circumcised, and merged with the Jews. HerodHerod,
dynasty reigning in Palestine at the time of Jesus. As a dynasty the Herods depended largely on the power of Rome. They are usually blamed for the state of virtual anarchy in Palestine at the beginning of the Christian era.

Antipater (fl. c.65 B.C.
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 the Great was Idumaean. The Romans grouped Idumaea with Judaea and Samaria in one procuratorship. After the destruction of Jerusalem, Idumaea was included in Arabia Petraea.

Edom

 

(Greek, Idumaea), an ancient country in Southwest Asia, south of Palestine, between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba; named for the Edomites.

In the second half of the second millennium B.C., the land was settled by the Edomites, who united to form a state in the late second millennium B.C. In the 11th century B.C., Edom was subjugated by the tribes of Israel. It paid a tribute to Assyria from the ninth to seventh centuries and to the neo-Babylonian kingdom in the seventh and sixth centuries. Together with the Babylonians, the Edomites laid seige to Jerusalem in 586 B.C. and destroyed the city. By the late sixth century they governed part of southern Palestine.

When the Nabataean kingdom was formed in the late third century B.C., much of Edom was incorporated into it. With part of southern Palestine (capital, Hebron), western Edom became the independent kingdom of Idumaea. In the late second century B.C., Idumaea was conquered by a Judean king of the Hasmonean dynasty, and the population was converted to Judaism.

Together with Judea, Idumaea was subjugated by Rome in 63 B.C. and became a Roman protectorate. King Herod I was an Idumaean. In 106 A.D., a large part of Idumaea was incorporated into the Roman province of Arabia.

References in periodicals archive ?
Distressed by the incident, Monty went on to bogey the hole (partly because Edom had nutted his ball into a bush rather than on to the fairway) and took a six at the par-five last for a 71 to stand at nine under.
Then came the episode at 16, when his drive ricocheted into the trees off Mr Jonathan Edom from Ascot, who even had the decency to claim, from beneath his headache, that he wished he could have at least helped Monty by nutting the ball back on the fairway.
The ball struck Jonathan Edom, a spectator from nearby Ascot, on the head and knocked him unconscious.
Montgomerie's wayward drive at the 16th hole of his second round struck Ascot-based Jonathan Edom on the head, knocking him unconscious.
Remember, O Lord, the children of Edom in the day of Jerusalem; who said, Rase it, rase it, even to the foundation thereof.
The rage and outrage, as acts of remembering, are expressed in the last three verses that comprise Part III of Psalm 137, the vengeful prayer that God will avenge Israel on Edom and Babylon for what they did to Jerusalem.
Matty's mumbled words, misheard as "Eden" but later correctly identified by the headmaster as the biblical curse "Over Edom have I cast out my shoe," were a spell to dislodge the boy from the roof.
This story reveals the conditions of fieldwork in a despotic state, which seriously constrains the researcher's fre edom.
The biggest obstacle we encountered over the years was that we needed a system that allowed the users complete fre edom to analyze any sample for any combination of tests available on the analyzer while ensuring that such tests would be properly ordered, billed, and documented in our information system.
He survives with many flocks and followers to establish his own people in Edom, and here too the two brothers meet lovingly after decades of separation.
The visit to the gigantic refugia of Edom, Jordan, after the peace treaty was signed between Israel and Jordan led me to summarize my 30 years of observations in this special habitat, which is found in deserts all over the world.
An outstanding example is seen in the opening chapters of Amos, where God claims to be dealing in judgment with Damascus, Tyre, Edom and Moab -- nations often hostile to Israel and Judah -- in the same manner as with Israel and Judah (Amos 1-2).