Édouard Daladier

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Daladier, Édouard


Born June 18, 1884, in Carpentras; died Oct. 11,1970, in Paris. French politician and statesman.

Daladier was one of the leaders of the Radical Party and was its chairman in the periods 1927–31, 1935–38, and 1957–58. Between 1924 and 1940 he repeatedly entered the government. He was premier from January to October 1933, January to February 1934, and April 1938 to March 1940. As leader of the Radical Party, Daladier took part in the Popular Front and helped in its victory. But in October 1938, the leadership of the Radicals, headed by Daladier, split the Popular Front and the government of Daladier liquidated a number of its achievements.

Pursuing a policy of appeasing the fascist aggressors, Daladier signed the Munich Pact of 1938. After declaring war on fascist Germany on Sept. 3, 1939, the government conducted the “phony war,” which led up to the fall of France in the summer of 1940. From 1947 to 1954, Daladier headed the Union of Left Republicans. He spoke out against the colonial war of France in Indochina (1945–54), against the plan for the creation of the European Defense Community, and against the antidemocratic articles of the Constitution of the Fifth Republic (1958). After 1958 he withdrew from political life.

References in periodicals archive ?
El 29 de septiembre los primeros ministros de Gran Bretana, Neville Chamberlain; y Francia, Edouard Daladier, se reunieron con Hitler y Mussolini en la tragica conferencia de Munich.
To be sure, Britain's Neville Chamberlain and France's Edouard Daladier signed a shameful treaty with Hitler and Mussolini in Munich.
In hopes of avoiding war, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain and French Premier Edouard Daladier decided to ignore threats against the Jews while seeking diplomatic compromise to achieve, as Chamberlain worded it, ``peace in our time.
In late 1938 the French premier, Edouard Daladier, along with Bonnet and others, were disposed to encourage Nazi Germany to turn eastward for territorial expansion, if only Hitler would leave western Europe alone.
The policies of the French and German foreign ministries, led by Dominque de Villepin and Joschka Fischer, respectively, show a disturbing likeness to those of Britain and France under Neville Chamberlain and Edouard Daladier at the time of the 1938 Munich Conference.
Carley knocks most of the props out from the apologists' defences, demonstrating that Neville Chamberlain in Britain, Edouard Daladier in France, their respective foreign ministers, and many other leading government figures were indeed, in their correspondence, rather obviously fixated with anti-communism.
Sixty years ago, on September 29, 1938, Neville Chamberlain, the British prime minister, and Edouard Daladier, the French prime minister, joined with Germany's Nazi dictator, Adolf Hitler, and Fascist Italy's dictator, Benito Mussolini, in Munich.
Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain (1869-1940) of Great Britain and Premier Edouard Daladier (1884-1970) of France quickly chose the path of appeasement.
Jacques Rueff advised Baymond Poincare, not the governor of the Bank of France, on stabilization in 1926; Paul Reynaud was not the only advocate of devaluation in 1935, nor did he "instantly" lose "all influence and credibility" as a result; and it was Reynaud, not Edouard Daladier, who played the part of a "new Poincare," reviving confidence in December 1938.
After intense high-level diplomatic activity that summer, much of it brokered by Hitler's friend Mussolini, a special conference was called in which Britain's Chamberlain, France's Edouard Daladier, the German Fuhrer, and the Italian Duce were to settle "the Czech Question.