Édouard Herriot

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Herriot, Édouard

 

Born July 5, 1872, in Troyes, Aube Department; died Mar. 26, 1957, in St.-Genis-Laval, Rhône Department. French political and state figure. Member of the Académie Française (1946).

A literature teacher by profession, Herriot was mayor of Lyon from 1905 to 1940 and from 1945 to 1955. From 1919 to 1957 (except for brief periods) he was the chairman of the Radical Socialist Party. He was a senator from 1912 to 1919 and a member of the Chamber of Deputies from 1919 to 1940 and from 1946 to 1957.

Herriot was minister of public works, transportation, and supply in 1916 and 1917. In the 1920’s he opposed R. Poincaré’s reactionary policies and helped found the Left Bloc (Cartel des Gauches). In 1924 and 1925, Herriot was prime minister and minister of foreign affairs. His government enacted several democratic reforms, withdrew French troops from the Ruhr, and established diplomatic relations with the USSR (1924). Herriot was president of the Chamber of Deputies in 1925 and 1926 and from 1936 to 1940. He was prime minister from July 19 to July 21, 1926; minister of public education from 1926 to 1928; prime minister and minister of foreign affairs in 1932; and minister of state from 1934 to 1936.

Herriot fought against reaction, urged resistance to fascism and aggression, and advocated the development of Soviet-French cooperation. In 1932 his government signed a nonaggression treaty with the USSR. Herriot opposed the Vichy government in World War II; in 1942 he was arrested and interned by the fascist German aggressors. He was chairman of the National Assembly from 1947 to January 1954 and remained honorary chairman until his death. He supported the Fourth Republic after its establishment, and he opposed the rearmament of Germany and the formation of the European Defense Community.

Herriot was the author of a number of works on public affairs, history, and literature.

WORKS

Jadis, vols. 1–2. Paris, 1948–52.
In Russian translation:
Izproshlogo: Mezhdu dvumia voinami, 1914–1936. Moscow, 1958.

M. M. NARINSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Bernard Duvauchelle, an oral and maxillofacial surgeon, and Jean-Michel Dubernard, a surgeon at Edouard Herriot hospital in the city of Lyon, led the legendary operation, Medical Xpress (http://medicalxpress.
The mother was airlifted to Edouard Herriot hospital in Lyon along with her young son.
French president Francois Hollande expressed outrage at the attack at the Edouard Herriot school in Albi in southern France.
Address for correspondence: Laurent Argaud, Service de Reanimation Medicale, Groupement Hospitalier Edouard Herriot, 5 Place d'Arsonval, 69 437 Lyon Cedex 03, France; email: laurent.
To understand the crowd, one must go to Coney Island," opined Edouard Herriot, the prime minister of France, after visiting the teeming Brooklyn shoreline in the summer of 1924.
The study, conducted at Edouard Herriot Hospital in Lyon, France, also showed that all 20 patients who swallowed a PillCam (one was unable to do so) preferred it over EGD.
In this second narrative the legendary plot is re-enacted by Edouard Herriot, leader of the French Radical Party, who in 1934 also travels from Lyons to the Soviet Union in order to see for himself how the new Socialist state respects basic civil rights.
1] Unite de Pathologie Moleculaire, Federation de Biochimie et de Biologie Specialisee, Hopital Edouard Herriot, Lyon, France; [2] Institut de Biologie et Chimie des Proteines (CNRS-UMR 5086), Lyon, France; [3] Laboratoire Marcel Merieux, Lyon, France; 4 Service de Medecine Interne, Centre Hospitalier, Antibes, France; * address correspondence to this author at: Unite de Pathologie Moleculaire, Federation de Biochimie et de Biologie Specialisee, Hopital Edouard Herriot, 69437 Lyon Cedex 03, France; fax 33-472110598, e-mail alain.
Meunier of the Edouard Herriot Hospital in Lyon, France, and his colleagues report in the Jan.
Delmas and his colleagues at Hopital Edouard Herriot, Lyon, France, compared the value of measuring bone mineral density (BMD) with that of two bone resorption markers: C-telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX) and N-telopeptide of type I collage (NTX).
After hearing about the first hand transplant, performed in January 1998 at the Edouard Herriot Hospital in Lyon, France, and meeting recipient Clint Hallam.
Mr Chatelier, whose forearms were shattered by a home-made rocket, spoke to reporters for the first time since he underwent surgery at the Edouard Herriot hospital in Lyon on January 13.