Édouard Herriot

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Herriot, Édouard

 

Born July 5, 1872, in Troyes, Aube Department; died Mar. 26, 1957, in St.-Genis-Laval, Rhône Department. French political and state figure. Member of the Académie Française (1946).

A literature teacher by profession, Herriot was mayor of Lyon from 1905 to 1940 and from 1945 to 1955. From 1919 to 1957 (except for brief periods) he was the chairman of the Radical Socialist Party. He was a senator from 1912 to 1919 and a member of the Chamber of Deputies from 1919 to 1940 and from 1946 to 1957.

Herriot was minister of public works, transportation, and supply in 1916 and 1917. In the 1920’s he opposed R. Poincaré’s reactionary policies and helped found the Left Bloc (Cartel des Gauches). In 1924 and 1925, Herriot was prime minister and minister of foreign affairs. His government enacted several democratic reforms, withdrew French troops from the Ruhr, and established diplomatic relations with the USSR (1924). Herriot was president of the Chamber of Deputies in 1925 and 1926 and from 1936 to 1940. He was prime minister from July 19 to July 21, 1926; minister of public education from 1926 to 1928; prime minister and minister of foreign affairs in 1932; and minister of state from 1934 to 1936.

Herriot fought against reaction, urged resistance to fascism and aggression, and advocated the development of Soviet-French cooperation. In 1932 his government signed a nonaggression treaty with the USSR. Herriot opposed the Vichy government in World War II; in 1942 he was arrested and interned by the fascist German aggressors. He was chairman of the National Assembly from 1947 to January 1954 and remained honorary chairman until his death. He supported the Fourth Republic after its establishment, and he opposed the rearmament of Germany and the formation of the European Defense Community.

Herriot was the author of a number of works on public affairs, history, and literature.

WORKS

Jadis, vols. 1–2. Paris, 1948–52.
In Russian translation:
Izproshlogo: Mezhdu dvumia voinami, 1914–1936. Moscow, 1958.

M. M. NARINSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Thomas of the Hospital Edouard Herriot in Lyon, France, one of the lead DACO-016 investigators, comments: "Compared with the accepted standard therapies used in this study to treat older patients with AML, DACOGEN showed a clinically relevant overall survival advantage without major differences in safety.
French president Francois Hollande expressed outrage at the attack at the Edouard Herriot school in Albi in southern France.
Address for correspondence: Laurent Argaud, Service de Reanimation Medicale, Groupement Hospitalier Edouard Herriot, 5 Place d'Arsonval, 69 437 Lyon Cedex 03, France; email: laurent.
The study, conducted at Edouard Herriot Hospital in Lyon, France, also showed that all 20 patients who swallowed a PillCam (one was unable to do so) preferred it over EGD.
1] Unite de Pathologie Moleculaire, Federation de Biochimie et de Biologie Specialisee, Hopital Edouard Herriot, Lyon, France; [2] Institut de Biologie et Chimie des Proteines (CNRS-UMR 5086), Lyon, France; [3] Laboratoire Marcel Merieux, Lyon, France; 4 Service de Medecine Interne, Centre Hospitalier, Antibes, France; * address correspondence to this author at: Unite de Pathologie Moleculaire, Federation de Biochimie et de Biologie Specialisee, Hopital Edouard Herriot, 69437 Lyon Cedex 03, France; fax 33-472110598, e-mail alain.
Delmas and his colleagues at Hopital Edouard Herriot, Lyon, France, compared the value of measuring bone mineral density (BMD) with that of two bone resorption markers: C-telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX) and N-telopeptide of type I collage (NTX).
Meunier of the Edouard Herriot Hospital in Lyon, France, and his colleagues report in the Jan.
Mr Chatelier, whose forearms were shattered by a home-made rocket, spoke to reporters for the first time since he underwent surgery at the Edouard Herriot hospital in Lyon on January 13.
Professor Jean-Michel Dubernard, chief transplant surgeon at the Edouard Herriot Hospital in Lyon, said last night: "I am very pleased with how it went.
After hearing about the first hand transplant, performed in January 1998 at the Edouard Herriot Hospital in Lyon, France, and meeting recipient Clint Hallam.
The 48-year-old Australian man who received a right hand-forearm transplant on September 23 in Lyons, France continues to do well following his discharge from the Edouard Herriot Hospital.
Mr Hallam, who said he could wiggle the fingers on his "new" right hand, smiled throughout a news conference at the Edouard Herriot hospital in the south-eastern French city of Lyon - except when the subject of his criminal past was brought up.