Eduard Spranger


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Spranger, Eduard

 

Born June 27, 1882, in Grosslichter-felde, near Berlin; died Sept. 17, 1963, in Tübingen. German idealist philosopher, psychologist, and educator.

Spranger was a professor at the universities of Leipzig (from 1911), Berlin (1920–46), and Tübingen (from 1946). In 1944 he was arrested and confined in the military prison at Moabit. Spranger’s philosophical ideas reveal the influence of W. Dilthey and the philosophy of life, as well as H. Rickert’s teachings on values. Spranger’s chief philosophical work is Types of Men (1914), in which he develops a typological analysis of personality; it is this “structural” psychology that Spranger, in the spirit of neo-Kantian differentiation of the sciences of the spirit and the sciences of nature, opposes to the “psychology of elements” of natural science. According to Spranger, the psychology of the sciences of the spirit, or “understanding” psychology, should examine the spiritual process as a whole, with all its semantic links—that is, as included in a specific cultural “content.” Spranger considered comprehension of individual spiritual structure to be the only way to know any spiritual forms. Calling for liberation from sociological illusions—the reduction of science, art, morality, and religion to social forces—Spranger acknowledged the unbreakable link between the social form and the cultural content; however, he gave the deciding role not to the forms of social relations, but to the individual human and objective cultural content that develops in these forms and that determines their value.

Spranger also wrote about the theory and history of pedagogy (including works on W. von Humboldt, J. H. Pestalozzi, and F. Froebel), as well as a work entitled The Psychology of Youth (1924; Russian translation in the anthology The Pedagogy of Youth, 1931).

WORKS

Gesammelte Schriften, vols. 1—. Tübingen, 1969—.

REFERENCES

Neu, T. Bibliographie E. Spranger. Tübingen, 1958.
E. Spranger: Sein Werk und sein Leben. Heidelberg, 1964.
Paffrath, F. H. E. Spranger und die Volksschule. Bad Heilbrunn, 1971.

IU. N. POPOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Y el filosofo y educador Eduard Spranger anadia: que <<la Fisica y las tecnologias estaban muertas si no se despertaba el espiritu que las habia creado>> (47).
La idea ya habia sido concebida por Eduard Spranger en 1915, cuando envio a August von Trottzu Solz un memorando sobre los estudios relacionados con la Educacion en la Universidad (51).
lt;<Utilitarismo>> fue la maldicion de los filosofos y educadores de la cultura protestante de mentalidad nacionalista, como se puede ver en una carta de Eduard Spranger escrita a Georg Kerschensteinerin, en 1915, en la cual desprecia el pragmatismo de Dewey tachandolo de <<utilitarismo de cocina y mantenimiento>> (56).
En la validacion de la Clave Profesional, ademas se han considerado los estudios de Eduard Spranger (1935), autor relegado en el paradigma actual del desarrollo de carrera, a pesar de su relevancia, pues propuso un instrumento de medida semejante al que posteriormente elaborara Holland, pero con un asentamiento teorico -desde nuestro punto de vista- mas solido, flexible y amplio.
En esta segunda corriente encontramos desde la psicologia humanista de Eduard Spranger (1882-1963), heredera de la filosofia del Periodo Guillermino, hasta las teorias raciales de Hans F.
Eduard Spranger, Herman Nohl y Wilhelm Flitner son herederos directos del espiritualismo, el psicologismo y el historicismo de Wilhelm Dilthey, elaborando, a partir de el, pedagogias de marcado caracter cultural.
Eduard Spranger, Herman Nolh and Wilhelm Flitner are direct heirs of the spiritualism, psychologism and historicism of Wilhelm Dilthey, whom they used as a starting point to elaborate trends in pedagogy of a marked cultural character.
Especially German and Austrian theory, particularly the works of William Stem, Eduard Spranger, and Karl and Charlotte Buhler, were influential.
Contract award: total output (turnkey) replacement construction of the eduard spranger school, anemonenweg 8, 68305 mannheim, germany.
8) Durante su estancia de cuatro semestres en Berlin asistio al Seminario que Wolfgang Kohler impartia en el Instituto de Psicologia de la Universidad de Berlin, asi como al que dirigia Eduard Spranger en aquel mismo centro.
19) <<Palabras conmemorativas dedicadas a Eduard Spranger, el filosofo, el psicologo y el educador-, Universitas, II, no.
Slaughter, Thomas Clouston, Gabriel Compayre, Pierre Mendousse, Eduard Spranger, etc.