Aedui

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Aedui

(ĕ`dyo͞oī) or

Haedui

(hĕ`dyo͞oī), Gallic people, occupying in the 1st cent. B.C. a part of what later became Burgundy. Defeated by AriovistusAriovistus
, fl. 58 B.C., Germanic chieftain, leader of the Suebi. He crossed the Rhine c.71 B.C., defeated the Aedui, and came to dominate much of Gaul (see Gallic Wars). In 60 B.C.
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 and at odds with their Gallic neighbors, they were allies of the Romans. The Aedui at first aided Julius Caesar in the Gallic WarsGallic Wars
, campaigns in Gaul led by Julius Caesar in his two terms as proconsul of Cisalpine Gaul, Transalpine Gaul, and Illyricum (58 B.C.–51 B.C.). Caesar's first campaign was to prevent the Helvetii (who lived N of the Lake of Geneva) from crossing the Roman
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 and later were not wholehearted in their support of Vercingetorix's revolt against Caesar. Their early capital was BibracteBibracte
, former capital of the Aedui, site atop Mont Beuvray, central France. There Caesar defeated (58 B.C.) the Helvetii (see Gallic Wars). Excavations on the site have revealed a Gallic town.
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Aedui

 

an ancient Celtic tribe inhabiting the area between the Saône and Loire rivers in Gaul; their central city was Bibracte. As a result of Caesar’s Gallic campaigns (58–51 B.C.), the area settled by the Aedui was conquered by the Romans and incorporated into the Gallic provinces of Rome. From 16 B.C., it was part of Gallia Lugdunensis.