Edward Bellamy


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Bellamy, Edward

 

Born Mar. 26, 1850, in Chicopee Falls, Massachusetts; died there May 22, 1898. American writer. Son of a clergyman. A lawyer by education.

In the historical novel The Duke of Stockbridge (1879; separate edition, 1901), Bellamy described the revolt of the masses in 1786 as a result of economic inequality. The Utopian novel Looking Backward (1888; Russian translation, In the Year 2000, 1889) brought Bellamy world fame. In this novel he depicted a socialist society, which was achieved through a process of peaceful evolution, as a system of universal equality. Reformist and technocratic illusions are characteristic of this work. In the USA the novel caused the rise of Bellamy Clubs that strove to realize the writer’s plans. During the decline of this movement, Bellamy wrote the book Equality (1897; Russian translation, 1907), in which he developed and made more precise the ideas in his novel.

REFERENCES

Ianzhul, I. V poiskakh luchshego budushchego, 2nd ed. St. Petersburg, 1908.
Krupskaia, N. K. Pedagogicheskie sochineniia, vol. 4. Moscow, 1959. Pages 410–11.
Morton, A. Angliiskaia utopiia. Moscow, 1956.
Parrington, V. L. Osnovnye techeniia amerikanskoi mysli, vol. 3. Moscow, 1963. Pages 375–90.
Bowman, S. E. E. Bellamy Abroad: An American Prophet’s Influence. New York, 1962.

B. A. GILENSON

References in periodicals archive ?
Wells (The Time Machine, When the Sleeper Wakes) and Edward Bellamy (Looking Backwards 2000-1887).
This includes clear and well-drawn accounts of the various producerist and radical responses to the rise of industrial capitalism, including the Farmers' Alliance, the Populist Party and the Knights of Labor, and the development of the ideas of Edward Bellamy and Henry Vincent.
I couldn't help picturing the heroic agony in which Younkins repressed his desire to add, "The reason 'crime is nearly nonexistent' is that Edward Bellamy has no imagination about human motives.
La novela utopica titulada Looking Backward (Life in the Year 2000) (1) fue escrita por Edward Bellamy (1850-1898) (2) y se publico por primera vez en 1888.
Like many cooperativists of the day, Halcyon residents admired the ideas of Henry George and Edward Bellamy but infused these more secularized versions of the ideal society with their own Theosophical worldview.
Marguerite Corporaal ("Towards a Feminist Collectivism: Charlotte Perkins Gilman and the Nationalist Movement") reads the novel Looking Backward (1887) by Edward Bellamy, the founder of the utopian Nationalism movement and Gilman's active involvement in the movement, and its influence on her utopian writings (three novels and one story).
The Two Faces of Technological Utopianism: Edward Bellamy and Horatio Alger, Jr.
In the classic work of sociological fiction, Looking Backward: 2000-1887, Edward Bellamy (1887) optimistically argued that by the mid-1900s socialism and a thirst for equity would shift the American industrial structure toward an equal share allotted to all persons involved in the production process.
Daphne Patai (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1988), 95; and Arthur Lipow, Authoritarian Socialism in America: Edward Bellamy and the Nationalist Movement (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982), 59.
NOVELIST Edward Bellamy came up with the idea of credit cards in his 1887 novel Looking Backward.
It is devoted to Edward Bellamy, author of the utopian novel, "Looking Backward.
But it also dashed the dreams of such radicals as the utopian novelist Edward Bellamy and the socialist Eugene Debs.