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Born Mar. 26, 1850, in Chicopee Falls, Massachusetts; died there May 22, 1898. American writer. Son of a clergyman. A lawyer by education.
In the historical novel The Duke of Stockbridge (1879; separate edition, 1901), Bellamy described the revolt of the masses in 1786 as a result of economic inequality. The Utopian novel Looking Backward (1888; Russian translation, In the Year 2000, 1889) brought Bellamy world fame. In this novel he depicted a socialist society, which was achieved through a process of peaceful evolution, as a system of universal equality. Reformist and technocratic illusions are characteristic of this work. In the USA the novel caused the rise of Bellamy Clubs that strove to realize the writer’s plans. During the decline of this movement, Bellamy wrote the book Equality (1897; Russian translation, 1907), in which he developed and made more precise the ideas in his novel.
REFERENCESIanzhul, I. V poiskakh luchshego budushchego, 2nd ed. St. Petersburg, 1908.
Krupskaia, N. K. Pedagogicheskie sochineniia, vol. 4. Moscow, 1959. Pages 410–11.
Morton, A. Angliiskaia utopiia. Moscow, 1956.
Parrington, V. L. Osnovnye techeniia amerikanskoi mysli, vol. 3. Moscow, 1963. Pages 375–90.
Bowman, S. E. E. Bellamy Abroad: An American Prophet’s Influence. New York, 1962.
B. A. GILENSON