Edward Bellamy


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bellamy, Edward

 

Born Mar. 26, 1850, in Chicopee Falls, Massachusetts; died there May 22, 1898. American writer. Son of a clergyman. A lawyer by education.

In the historical novel The Duke of Stockbridge (1879; separate edition, 1901), Bellamy described the revolt of the masses in 1786 as a result of economic inequality. The Utopian novel Looking Backward (1888; Russian translation, In the Year 2000, 1889) brought Bellamy world fame. In this novel he depicted a socialist society, which was achieved through a process of peaceful evolution, as a system of universal equality. Reformist and technocratic illusions are characteristic of this work. In the USA the novel caused the rise of Bellamy Clubs that strove to realize the writer’s plans. During the decline of this movement, Bellamy wrote the book Equality (1897; Russian translation, 1907), in which he developed and made more precise the ideas in his novel.

REFERENCES

Ianzhul, I. V poiskakh luchshego budushchego, 2nd ed. St. Petersburg, 1908.
Krupskaia, N. K. Pedagogicheskie sochineniia, vol. 4. Moscow, 1959. Pages 410–11.
Morton, A. Angliiskaia utopiia. Moscow, 1956.
Parrington, V. L. Osnovnye techeniia amerikanskoi mysli, vol. 3. Moscow, 1963. Pages 375–90.
Bowman, S. E. E. Bellamy Abroad: An American Prophet’s Influence. New York, 1962.

B. A. GILENSON

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This Nationalistic ideal was both the centerpiece of Looking Backward and the fuel for "Bellamy Clubs," which were formed in the United States and abroad in the 1890s to put the novel's ideals into practice (Morgan 247; Bowman, Edward Bellamy Abroad).
Sociologists such as Mannheim, Marx, Engels, and Edward Bellamy saw how mechanization and standardization were changing the manner in which most people were living.
Monturiol, en este sentido, esta mas cerca de Edward Bellamy que de William Morris, pero a este ultimo le une que en su propuesta existe una cierta nostalgia hacia una Cataluna preterita, habitada por unas personas con unos valores y sentimientos que posiblemente nunca hayan existido como el, y con el todo el pensamiento nacionalista, ha imaginado.
Marx's choice of utopian literature, Thomas More's Utopia and Plato's Republic, while representing two of the better known works in the genre, curiously ignores Edward Bellamy. Marx does provide an interesting summary of B.F.
It also includes a bit of Looking Backward From the Year 2000 and Equality by Edward Bellamy, and quite a long section of a terribly bad play by Mark Twain and William Dean Howells, as well as a number of poems by Walt Whitman, few of which have much obvious connection to technology.
Not only were these feminist gnostics linked to a number of reform movements, including woman suffrage, the temperance movement, and the ordination of women, but they were also inspired by Edward Bellamy's utopian novel Looking Backward, 2000-1887, and some of them used its incipient nationalism as a blueprint for social reform.
The galvanic event for their composition, and indeed for the utopian novel more generally, was the publication of Edward Bellamy's Looking Backward in 1888.
Appendix C: Utopia/Dystopia brings together passages not only by utopians to whom Morris is indebted for conception of his libertarian communism (Thomas More), but also by contemporary utopians and novelists who have dealt with topics regarding the crisis of the capitalist system and industrial society (Samuel Butler, Richard Jefferies, Edward Bellamy and Oscar Wilde).
IN HIS INTRODUCTION, co-editor Toby Widdicombe states, "It might reasonably be asked by anyone other than a passionate devotee of Edward Bellamy's work, 'Why another book on Bellamy?'" (1).
Or Edward Bellamy's fantasy romance Looking Backward and the Roman-inspired but very tangible papal residence at Pienza?
James Gilbert surveys intentional communities and literary utopias in the US, noting a contrast between the grand visions of, for example, Edward Bellamy and the modest, primarily agricultural intentional communities that were actually founded (272).
British Knights drew great inspiration from Americans such as Edward Bellamy, Henry George, Laurence Gronlund, and Terence Powderly and understood that many systemic workplace reforms required socio-political change.