Edward Caird

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Caird, Edward


Born Mar. 22, 1835, in Greenock; died Nov. 1, 1908, in Oxford. Scottish neo-Hegelian philosopher.

From 1866 to 1893, Caird was a professor at Glasgow and Oxford. He is known chiefly for his work in the history of philosophy. In his Critical Philosophy of Kant (2 vols. 1889), one of the most important English studies on Kant, Caird interpreted Hegel’s philosophy as the realization of Kant’s “critical idealism.” He held the basic principle of Hegel’s dialectics to be “identity in diversity.” Affirming the idea of evolution, Caird sought to apply it to the history of religion. He regarded Christianity as Absolute Religion, the highest achievement in the historical development of religion, and considered Hegel’s philosophy to be a “theoretical form” of Christianity.


The Evolution of Religion, vols. 1–2. Glasgow, 1893.
Essays on Literature and Philosophy, vols. 1–2. Glasgow, 1892.
The Evolution of Theology in the Greek Philosophers, vols. 1–2. Glasgow, 1904.
In Russian translation:
Gegel’. Moscow, 1898.


Jones, H., and J. H. Muirhead. The Life and Philosophy of Edward Caird. Glasgow, 1921.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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This paper also argues that Dewey's account of the organism-environment relation derives from the work of Oxford Hegelians such as Edward Caird and Samuel Alexander, who were attempting to reconcile evolutionary ideas with a critique of Herbert Spencer's environmentalist account of human thought and action.
The concluding paper by Philip MacEwen makes some insightful observations about the nature of language and scholarship while discussing Edward Caird's writings on Kant.
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of Hull, UK) has chosen the previously published writings presented here as those likely to reveal the most about the political philosophy, theology, and social thought of British idealists Thomas Hill Green, Bernard Bosanquet, David Ritchie, and Edward Caird. Writings by Green include a dissertation on the "Metaphysics of Ethics, Moral Psychology, Sociology, on the Science of Sittlichkeit," a discussion of the nature of historical narrative in Thucydides and Herodotus, and notes on the Biblical Epistles to the Romans and the Galatians, and the partial text of his lectures on the Fourth Gospel of the New Testament.
Lightfoot, and Catholic modernists such as Lord Acton share the limelight with the likes of Charles Gore, Edward Caird, A.
The British Idealist movement, influenced especially by Thomas Hill Green in Oxford and Edward Caird in Glasgow, both professors of moral philosophy, tried to free religion from its historical context by studying religion philosophically.
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For this reviewer, the most interesting chapters were those on the contrasting Oxford (and Scottish) contemporaries Edward Caird, the idealist philosopher of Balliol, and A.