Edward Coke


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Coke, Edward

 

Born Feb. 1, 1552, in Mileham, Norfolk; died Sept. 3, 1634, in Stoke Poges, Buckinghamshire. An English political figure, lawyer. Attorney general from 1594 to 1606, chief justice of the King’s Bench from 1613 to 1616.

In the 1620’s, Coke was one of the leaders of the opposition in Parliament to the Stuarts’ absolutism. He was a prominent expert and commentator on common law. Basing his argument on medieval legal documents (mainly, Magna Carta) and customs, he spoke out for limitation of the king’s prerogatives and establishment of a constitutional monarchy. This position was in the interest of the growing bourgeoisie and the new gentry. Coke was one of the authors of the Petition of Right (1628), which demanded from the crown a guarantee of personal and property rights. Because of his speeches in parliament (in particular those against arbitrary taxation and illegal arrests) he fell into disgrace and was imprisoned (1621).

WORKS

Reports. . . , vols. 1–11. London, 1600–15.
Institutes of the Laws of England, parts 1–4. London, 1628–44.
The Complete Copyholder. London, 1641.

REFERENCE

Holdsworth, W. A History of English Law, vol. 5, 2nd ed. London, 1937.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the Thrones sequence alone we have already travelled far, the poet conducting us from the eighth-century history of the Lombards in Italy, through Byzantium and China, and on finally to three Cantos (CVII-CIX) quarried from the Institutes of the great English jurist, Edward Coke.
As the storyline continues, the exhibition will focus on the Magna Carta's rediscovery in the 17th century, when English jurists, especially Sir Edward Coke, made the Magna Carta into the fundamental source of constitutional guarantees of individual liberties; the Magna Carta's adoption and interpretation in Colonial America; and the Magna Carta's influence on the creation of American written constitutions.
The Speaker of the House was Sir Edward Coke, the foremost jurist of his time.
Recorder Edward Coke said: "I can't describe this as anything other than despicable.
As a kid, he picked up French and Dutch from neighborhood immigrants and learned shorthand, a valuable skill that caught the eye of the famous jurist and champion of civil rights, Sir Edward Coke, who sponsored the young man's education.
At Birmingham crown court, Recorder Edward Coke told Mohammed: "It is with hesitation I do not send you to prison.
It was the English Jurist Sir Edward Coke who once wrote "For a man's house is his castle .
Sir Edward Coke, the most famous lawyer of his day, did write up a
Mind you, it might have been called a coke because the first one was ordered in 1849 by Edward Coke, younger brother of the Earl of Leicester, thus guaranteeing its aristocratic appeal.
Edward Coke, defending, said: "I accept this victim must have been extremely scared.
Sidestepping genuinely influential seventeenth-century political authors such as Sir Edward Coke, John Pym, or Henry Parker, or William Blackstone in the eighteenth century, however, he plucks Charles Dallison and John Sadler from obscurity, arguing that they "merit brief mention for what they had to say about the judiciary's role in this [seventeenth-century English] constitutional schema" (p.
He details the contributions of individuals such as Edward Coke, Matthew Hale, Cesare Beccaria, Thomas Jefferson, Jeremy Bentham, Thomas Erskine, Samuel Romilly, and William Garrow, as well as the role of the Magna Carta and habeas corpus, the criminal law commissioners of the nineteenth century, and terrorism and civil liberties.