Edward Drinker Cope


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Cope, Edward Drinker

 

Born July 28, 1840, in Philadelphia, Pa.; died there Apr. 12, 1897. American paleontologist and zoologist. Member of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA (1872).

Cope was a professor at the University of Pennsylvania from 1886. Beginning in 1895 he was also president of the American Society of Naturalists. His principal works were on the fossil vertebrates of the Cretaceous and Cenozoic deposits of North America (he described about 1,000 new species). He differentiated the order Stegocephalia among extinct amphibians, devised a new classification of modern and fossil fish, and reexamined the taxonomic position of many mammals. Cope was one of the founders of neo-Lamarckianism in American paleontology. He admitted the possibility of inheriting characteristics acquired as a result of the use or nonuse of organs (kinetogenesis) and as a result of the effect of the external environment (physio-genesis); he also accepted the influence of the vitalist principle —“a special form of energy,” “growth forces,” or bathmism.

REFERENCES

Borisiak, A. A. Iz istoriipaleontologii (Ideia evoliutsii ). Leningrad, 1926. Davitashvili, L. Sh. Razvitie idei i metodov ν paleontologii posle Darvina. Moscow-Leningrad, 1940. Chapter 14.
Istoriia evoliutsionnykh uchenii ν biologii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
Marsh is arguably the best known, for his fossil-collecting rivalry with Edward Drinker Cope (the infamous Bone Wars) and as the discoverer (or describer) of Stegosaurus, Brontosaurus, Triceratops and Allosaurus, to name a few.
Hobart Smith ha sido el herpetologo mas productivo de todos los tiempos, en el ano 2000 supero el record de las 1395 publicaciones impuesto por Edward Drinker Cope, respetado cientifico y naturalista norteamericano asociado a la Academia de Ciencias Naturales de Filadelfia conocido por la descripcion de numerosas especies de anfibios y reptiles (Fairfield 1929; Flores-Villela 1993; Noriega-Samaniego 2012); para el 2004 Hobart alcanzo las 1521 publicaciones y a sus 92 anos continuaba produciendo (Chiszar et al.
In 1869, Edward Drinker Cope, a paleontologist for a museum at the Philadelphia University of the Academy of Sciences, thought the creature's long neck was its tail and in his skeletal reconstruction placed the head on the wrong end.
This rule, derived by Edward Drinker Cope in 1871, appears to make biological sense because beefy bodies can better defend themselves against predators and have an advantage in the struggle for food and territory.
Two of paleontology's founding fathers, Edward Drinker Cope and Othniel Charles Marsh, are among the most notorious when it comes to one-upmanship.