Edward Herbert


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Herbert, Edward

 

(First Baron Herbert of Cherbury). Born Mar. 3,1583, in Eyton-on-Severn, Wales; died Aug. 20,1648, in London. English philosopher, poet, and political figure.

Herbert served as British ambassador to France between 1619 and 1624. During the Civil War he was an adherent of the parliamentary opposition. Herbert was the founder of English deism in the form of natural religion, the source of which he considered to lie not in discovery, but in the innate principle of reason. Herbert summed up the basic principles of natural religion in the following five points: there is a god; he must be worshipped; the best way to worship is through virtue and piety; crimes and transgressions must be atoned for through repentance; there are rewards and punishments in a life beyond the grave. Herbert’s moderate deism met with a sharp reaction from theologians. Herbert’s doctrine of cognition is based on his acknowledgement of innate ideas. Herbert’s views were criticized by J. Locke and P. Gassendi.

WORKS

Tractatus de veritate. [Paris] 1624.
De causis errorum, parts 1–3. London, 1645.
De religionegentilium. Amsterdam, 1663.
The Life of Edward Herbert of Cherbury, Written by Himself. Strawberry Hill, 1764.
A Dialogue Between a Tutor and His Pupil. London, 1768.

REFERENCES

Meerovskii, B. V. “U istokov angliiskogo cleizma.” In the collection Voprosy nauchnogo ateizma, fasc. 12. Moscow, 1971.
Rémusat, C. de. Lord H. de Cherbury, sa vie et ses oeuvres. Paris, 1874.
Güttler, C. E. Lord H. von Cherbury. Munich, 1897.
Scholz, H. Die Religions-philosophie des H. von Cherbury. Giessen, 1914.
Rossi, M. M. La vita, le opere, i tempi di Edoardo Herbert di Cherbury, vols. 1–3. Florence, 1947.

B. E. BYKHOVSKII

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sam), the Kahlua disco, Le Carnaby club, Saturday night at the Town Hall featuring lots of great bands, Saturday night gigs at the Edward Herbert building at Loughborough University, again featuring lots of great new and well-known bands of the time.
THE MINIATURE OF SIR EDWARD HERBERT A masterpiece of British art, this miniature portrait of Sir Edward Herbert of Cherbury is the jewel in the crown of the Powis collection.
Brown, Edward Herbert. The "New" Pan-Africanism 2020: United Continental Republic of Africa (UCRA).
Notable recent acquisitions include the Wolsey Angels by the V&A, which paid 4,619,381 [pounds sterling] after the tax remission--the first private treaty sale by a company since the law changed in 2009; the Armada Portrait, bought by the Royal Museums Greenwich for 9,674,000 [pounds sterling] after tax remission; William Stott of Oldham's Le Passeur (The Ferry), bought by Tate for 1,473,945 [pounds sterling] after tax remission; and the miniature portrait of Edward Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Cherbury by Isaac Oliver bought for 2.1m [pounds sterling] after tax remission by the National Trust for Powis Castle.
Whether Edward Herbert was writing the stuff of history or of legend, George Herbert's stated intention in writing his pastoral manual was to describe the pattern of a parson that would be better than life.
There's also an 18-carat gold collar stud recovered from the body of first class passenger, Austin Partner, and returned to his family, as well as a nostalgic locket recovered from the body of George Dunton Widener's valet, Edward Herbert Keeping, within weeks of the tragedy which has been displayed in Swedish museum.
Debora Shuger addresses the equally tricky subject of religion, reading Browne alongside William Laud, Kenelm Digby, Edward Herbert, and Alexander Ross to characterize the qualities of Browne's tolerance, trace the rise of a "secular theology" in the mid-seventeenth century, and argue that its elite culture could be "more multiform, heterodox, even 'post-Christian', than generally thought" (61).
Among the literary figures examined are Tomas Wyatt, Philip Sydney, Edmund Spenser, John Donne, Edward Herbert, Andrew Marvell, Thomas Traherne, Thomas Browne, and Aphra Behn.
The manuscript by Lord Edward Herbert, a close friend of poet John Donne, was discovered in a trunk kept in an attic in Powis Castle.