Edward Whymper


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Whymper, Edward

(hwĭm`pər), 1840–1911, English illustrator and mountain climber, b. London. Sent to Switzerland to make sketches of mountain scenery, he became interested in mountaineering and in 1865, after six failures, climbed the hitherto unscaled MatterhornMatterhorn
, Fr. Mont Cervin, Ital. Monte Cervino, peak, c.14,700 ft (4,480 m) high, in the Pennine Alps, on the Swiss-Italian border, near Zermatt. Its distinctive pyramidal peak was formed by the enlargement of several cirques.
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. The descent ended in a fall that killed four of the party of seven. Whymper made expeditions to Greenland and later to South America, where he participated (1880) in the first ascent of ChimborazoChimborazo
, inactive volcano, 20,577 ft (6,272 m) high, central Ecuador; the highest in Ecuador. Its summit is always snowcapped. First explored by Alexander von Humboldt in 1802, it was first scaled in 1880 by Edward Whymper.
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 (20,577 ft/6,272 m). He climbed other major Andean peaks, including AconcaguaAconcagua
, peak, 22,835 ft (6,960 m) high, Mendoza prov., W Argentina, in the Andes, near the Chilean border. It is the highest peak of the Western Hemisphere. The snowcapped Aconcagua was first scaled in 1897. Uspallata Pass is nearby. See also Ojos del Salado.
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 and Tupungato. His best-known book is Scrambles amongst the Alps (1871, 6th ed. 1936).
References in periodicals archive ?
triangular 14,800ft Matterhorn, Europe's deadliest mountain, is spectacularly aglow, base to summit, with red lighting to mark the 150th anniversary of being conquered by Edward Whymper.
Which European mountain was first climbed by the Englishman Edward Whymper in 1865?
The company immediately sought to publicize the beauty of the Rockies by building a series of strategically placed hotels, commissioning artists to paint the most prominent vistas, hiring Swiss guides to assist climbers seeking first ascents, and bringing out the famous mountaineer Edward Whymper of Matterhorn fame.
1865: Englishman Edward Whymper became the first man to climb the Matterhorn.
In the first programme, British Everest climber Stephen Venables follows in the footsteps of Edward Whymper, who led seven men to the summit of the Matterhorn, the last unclimbed peak in the Alps.
Fittingly, their expedition comes within two days of the 139th anniversary of Liverpool''s Lucy Walker being the first woman to make it to the top, on August 22, 1871 - six years after the first conquest by Edward Whymper.
Edward Whymper, who wrote the two finest books on mountaineering.
There's the story of English climber Edward Whymper, who devoted five years of his life to climbing the Matterhorn, only for his moment of triumph to be soured by tragedy when most of his party fell to their deaths on their way back down the mountain.
Also On This Day: 1833: The Oxford Movement was launched after a sermon by John Keble; 1858: Birth of social reformer & suffragist Emmeline Pankhurst; 1865: English climber Edward Whymper, on his seventh attempt, led the first climbers to reach the 14,690 ft summit of the Matterhorn in the Alps; 1867: Alfred Nobel demonstrated dynamite for the first time in a Surrey quarry at Redhill.
A famous example is that of Edward Whymper, first conqueror of Switzerland's most famous mountain, the Matterhorn.
In the familiar silks of PCF Racing, Dane O'Neill's mount arrived with a similar late rattle to outgun Edward Whymper and score by three-quarters of a length.