Edwin Ray Lankester

Lankester, Edwin Ray

 

Born May 15, 1847, in London; died there Aug. 15, 1929. English zoologist and embryologist. Fellow of the Royal Society of London (1875).

Lankester became a professor at University College in London in 1874 and at Oxford University in 1890. He was director of the natural history department of the British Museum from 1898 to 1907. His principal works were on extinct fishes and the anatomy and embryology of annelids, mollusks, and arthropods. Lankester’s works on invertebrate taxonomy are especially well known. He divided (1877) phylum Helminthes into three distinct phyla (Platyhelminthes, Nemathelminthes, and Annelida). He proposed a system of the animal world in which the sponges are treated as an independent group.

WORKS

“Notes on the Embryology and Classification of the Animal Kingdom.” Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science, 1877, vol. 17, pp. 359–454.
A Treatise on Zoology, parts 1–9. London, 1900–09. (Jointly with others.)
References in periodicals archive ?
In an essay for Nature, Edwin Ray Lankester could go so far as to claim that the "physiologist suffers with his experimental animal, and the mutual suffering of both vivisector and vivisected becomes a sacrifice offered up on the altar of Science.
Supporters of vivisection like Edwin Ray Lankester would have advocated fewer rather than more restrictions: "If you allow experiments at ali, you must admit the more the better, since it is very certain that for many years to come the problems of physiology demanding experimental solution will increase in something like geometrical ratio, instead of decreasing.
28) Edwin Ray Lankester, "Vivisection," Nature 9 (1873): 145; quoted in French, p.