Eero Saarinen


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Related to Eero Saarinen: Eliel Saarinen
Eero Saarinen
Birthday
BirthplaceKirkkonummi, Finland
Died
NationalityFinnish American

Saarinen, Eero

 

Born Aug. 20, 1910, in Kirkkonummi, Finland; died Sept. 1, 1961, in Ann Arbor, Mich., USA. American architect. Son of Eliel Saarinen.

Saarinen, who emigrated to the USA in 1923, graduated in architecture from Yale University in 1934. After his father’s death, he completed their joint design of the General Motors Research Center in Warren, Mich. (1945–55)—a complex reflecting the influence of Mies van der Rohe. Saarinen subsequently passed from rigid rationalism to a search for the symbolic, individualistic, and romantic expressiveness of architectural form. This transition is evident in the Harvard University chapel (1955) and the Yale University hockey rink (1958). Saarinen later turned to sculptural forms, as seen in the TWA terminal at Kennedy Airport in New York (1962). An organic combination of plastically rich architectural form and design distinguishes the Dulles Airport outside Washington (completed in 1962).

In the late 1950’s Saarinen designed a number of buildings in the official style of American neoclassicism (US Embassy in London, 1960). During the same period he designed structures marked by stylized pseudo-Gothic motifs (a dormitory complex at Yale University, 1962). Exaggerated monumentality characterizes the CBS skyscraper in New York (1964). Continually experimenting, Saarinen failed to develop his own consistent style. However, his search for symbolic imagery greatly influenced the development of US architecture after 1960.

REFERENCES

Khan-Magomedov, S. O. “Ot ‘shkoly Misa’ k pozdnemu Le Korbiuz’e (Eero Saarinen).” In the collection Arkhitektura Zapada: Mastera i techeniia [book] 1. Moscow, 1972. Pages 115–34.
Temko, A. Eero Saarinen. New York, 1962.

A. V. IKONNIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Thank you to Governor Cuomo and the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey for this incredible opportunity to celebrate and preserve Eero Saarinen s historic masterpiece while also creating 3,700 construction and permanent jobs and 40,000 square feet of desperately-needed onsite meeting space.
Also built in 1949, this single-storey home was designed by Charles Eames and Eero Saarinen for the editor of Arts & Architecture, John Entenza, and is formed around a large horizontal glazed space for entertaining guests.
Balthazar Kora b, Eero Saarinen, TWA Flight Center New York, NY (Interior view from mezzanine level at night).
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gt; MORE INTERIORS PAGES 8&9 * Cedar table and kitchen units put together from a variety of sources and a secondhand Aga oven * Chairs are chain store versions of the Eero Saarinen chairs and were found at a fair * A giant photo wall and huge L-shaped sofa make a statement.
The Eero Saarinen marble-top is, I read, from the Conran Shop and cost pounds 6,312.
Kresge--MIT Auditorium, designed by a noted modernist architect, Eero Saarinen, consists of a one-eighth spherical segment dome-shaped concrete roof, supported on three points with a 49 m span and 8,9 cm thickness increased near the edge beams up to 14 cm.
Designed by Hugh Hardy of H3 Hardy Collaboration Architecture (who helped with the Vivian Beaumont design in years past), it rises over the austerely modernist pile that was conceived by Eero Saarinen (primarily) in 1965.
The sculptural marvel more commonly referred to as "The Gateway Arch" was designed by Architect Eero Saarinen and completed in October 1965.
The Saarinen team was from Cranbrook Academy, the school in Michigan that produced world-famous creative designers including Charles and Ray Eames, designer Harry Bertoia, Swedish sculptor Carl Milles and furniture designer Florence Knoll, with whom Eero Saarinen established lifelong friendships and collaborations.
Reinterpreted in a space-age mood, the Series 7 chair by Arne Jacobsen, the Tulip chair by Eero Saarinen and Charles Eames' Eiffel chair, are all interwoven as one to create the special chair.
Louis' backyard eyesore into "one great composition,'" in the words of Arch designer Eero Saarinen.