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Egadi Islands(ĕ`gädē) or
Aegadian Isles(ēgā`dēən), Lat. Aegates, archipelago (1987 est. pop. 5,000), c.15 sq mi (40 sq km), W Sicily, Italy, in the Mediterranean Sea. The chief islands are Favignana, Maretti-mo, and Levanzo. Fishing is the main occupation, and the most important tuna fisheries of Sicily are there. A Roman naval victory over the Carthaginians in the battle of the Aegates, fought near the islands in 241 B.C., ended the first of the Punic WarsPunic Wars,
three distinct conflicts between Carthage and Rome. When they began, Rome had nearly completed the conquest of Italy, while Carthage controlled NW Africa and the islands and the commerce of the W Mediterranean.
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a group of Italian islands in the Mediterranean Sea, west of Sicily. Area, about 40 sq km. Population, 6,100 (1968). The islands are composed mainly of limestones. They are characterized by hills and low mountains, which rise to an elevation of 686 m on the island of Marettimo. The islands contain citrus plantations and vineyards; there is fishing for tuna.