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Eger(ĕ`gĕr), Ger. Erlau, city (1991 est. pop. 62,474), NE Hungary, on the Eger River. It is the commercial center of a wine-producing region and has food- and tobacco-processing plants. Eger is a center for tourists drawn by the nearby mineral springs and the Mátra Mts. One of the first Magyar settlements in E central Europe, Eger was made (11th cent.) a bishopric by St. Stephen. It was destroyed (13th cent.) by the Tatars, rebuilt and fortified, and captured in 1596 by the Turks, who held it for nearly 150 years. Francis II Rakoczy used the fortress in his fight against the Hapsburgs, who had it razed. In 1814, Eger became an archiepiscopal see; the many churches subsequently built have earned it the name "Rome of Hungary." The city's notable structures include a 16th-century minaret, an 18th-century archiepiscopal palace, a 19th-century cathedral, and the ruins of a medieval fortress.
Eger,Czech Republic: see ChebCheb
, Ger. Eger, city (1991 pop. 31,847), NW Czech Republic, in Bohemia, near the German border. A commercial and manufacturing center in a lignite-mining area, Cheb has industries producing machinery, bicycles, and textiles.
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a city in northern Hungary, on the Eger River. Situated near the southern foot of the Bükk Mountains. Administrative center of the megye (county) of Heves. Population, 56,000 (1976). Eger produces engineering equipment, metal products, tobacco, furniture, milk, and wine. The city has a balneological health resort. Notable buildings in Eger, which has retained its medieval layout, include a 13th-century castle with fortifications dating from the 16th century, the Episcopal Palace (15th century), a Turkish minaret (1596–1687), the baroque County Council Hall (1751–55, architect M. Gerl), the Minorite Church (1758–73, architect Gerl), the lycée (1765–85, architect J. Fellner), and a cathedral in the classical style (1831–37, architect, J. Hild). The I. Dobi Museum has exhibits of archaeological remains and paintings, mainly Hungarian.