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name for Solanum melongena, a large-leaved woody perennial shrub (often grown as an annual herb) of the family Solanaceae (nightshadenightshade,
common name for the Solanaceae, a family of herbs, shrubs, and a few trees of warm regions, chiefly tropical America. Many are climbing or creeping types, and rank-smelling foliage is typical of many species.
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 family), and also cultivated for its ovoid fruit. Native to SE Asia, the eggplant is raised in tropical and (as an annual) in warm climates as a garden vegetable and is a staple in parts of the Middle East. The fruit (a berry, like its relative the tomato) varies in size and may be black, purple, white, green, yellow, or striped. Eggplants are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Polemoniales, family Solanaceae.



(Solanum melongena), a perennial plant of the Solanaceae family. It has a firm stem of up to 100 cm high and more; large leaves with violet inclusions when young; and violet flowers that are either solitary or gathered in racemes. The fruit is a globular, pear-shaped, or cylindrical berry, yellow with brown stripes, white, green, or violet; it weighs from 0.4 to 1 kg. Eggplants like heat and moisture. The best temperature for their growth and development is 20–30° C, and the optimum soil moisture is 80 percent of the full moisture capacity. The plant in the wild form is found in such Southeast Asian countries as India and Burma. It is cultivated in the tropical and subtropical belts. In the USSR, eggplants are grown in open ground primarily in the south: in the Trans-caucasian republics, the south of the RSFSR and Ukrainian SSR, the Moldavian SSR, and Middle Asia. The fruits are harvested when ripe for industrial purposes. They contain dry substances, 7.1–11 percent; sugar, 2.72–4 percent; proteins, 0.6–1.4 percent; fats, 0.1–0.4 percent; and also salts of calcium, phosphorus, and iron, among others. Eggplants are a valuable vegetable for the canning industry (eggplant paste, sauteed eggplant, and other products); the fruits are fried, stewed, marinated, and prepared in other ways.

The yield of eggplant is 15–30 tons per hectare. The most widely distributed varieties include Delikates 163, Donskoi 14, Dlinnyi Fioletovyi 239, Simferopol’skii 105, and Kon-servnyi 10. In countries with subtropical and temperate climates, eggplants are grown as an annual plant by the seedling method. The seeds are planted in hotbeds or greenhouses 45–60 days before transplanting. In the ground the distance between plants within a row is 35–40 cm and the distance between rows is 70 cm. Maintenance consists of hoeing the soil, weeding, watering, feeding, and combating diseases and pests. When grown for seeds, eggplants are cultivated in the same manner as when grown for food uses. Before harvest the seed-bearing plants are carefully selected and the sick plants removed. The seed yield is 0.5–1.5 centners per hectare. Pests that attack eggplants include tarnished plant bug and mole crickets. The diseases include dry rot, phytophthora, and wilting.


Gazenbush, V. L. “Baklazhany.” In Sorta ovoshchnykh kul’tur SSSR. Edited by D. D. Brezhnev. Moscow-Leningrad, 1960.



Solanum melongena. A plant of the order Polemoniales grown for its edible egg-shaped, fleshy fruit.


1. a tropical Old World solanaceous plant, Solanum melongena, widely cultivated for its egg-shaped typically dark purple fruit
2. the fruit of this plant, which is cooked and eaten as a vegetable
References in periodicals archive ?
Stuff the egg plant cups with the lamb mixture and top each egg plant cup with a slice of tomato each.
Poached egg plant around currants and gooseberries attracts hoverflies to eat the aphids.
Limnanthes douglasii, the poached egg plant, can be a curse in some gardens but, if it is sown in autumn it will be in flower by May and will give essential nectar and pollen to the bees and hoverflies, the latter if which will help in the battle against aphid populations.
Varieties include: Swan River Daisy, Angel Rose, Verbena, Lavatera, Flanders Poppy, Pansy, Alpine Strawberry, Geranium, Aubrietia, Virginian Stocks, Carnation, Poached Egg Plant, Nemophila, Clarkia, Herbs and many, many more.
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Last year she planted Limanthes or the poached egg plant which gave a tremendous colourful display.
Flowers such as calendula, fennel, Californian poppy and poached egg plant tempt other predatory, pest-controlling insects, including hoverflies and lacewings.
Courgettes are zucchini, aubergine is egg plant and peppers are the more classy sounding capsicum.
The latest Creme Egg plant will produce 300 million eggs a year at the rate of 1,100 per minute and it has the capacity to produce up to 370 million Creme Eggs a year.
LIMNANTHES is known as the poached egg plant because its cup-shaped yellow flowers have white edges to the petals.
You run an egg plant and have invested millions in your production capacity - all ethical and RSPB approved, of course - and you know that all the main egg buyers from the world's food companies will be there.
Then add the egg plant and chicken for about five to six minutes.