defence mechanism

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defence mechanism

(PSYCHOANALYSIS) the method by which the EGO transforms the energies of the ID to make them acceptable to reality. Defence mechanisms reduce biological tension and mental anxiety The main defence mechanisms are:
  1. denial, where the instinctual urge is inhibited;
  2. repression, where it is made completely unconscious;
  3. projection, where the urge is inhibited in the self but attributed to another person;
  4. reaction formation, where the energies of the ID are redirected in the opposite direction;
  5. intellectualization, where unacceptable emotions are transformed by explanations making excuses for the undesirable behaviour;
  6. sublimation, where the energy of the ID is directed from the primary, but unacceptable, object to one that is socially acceptable. See also FREUD, LACAN.
References in periodicals archive ?
Using ego defense mechanisms is often a way of buying time while we [White people] consciously or unconsciously wrestle with more realistic solutions for whatever is troubling us.
Pertaining to modern day race relations between European Americans and African Americans, for example, have we reached the point that ego defenses have actually become conscious defenses on the part of a significant number of White people?
Many psychotic phenomena--especially paranoid thinking--can limit a patient's ability to define and incorporate boundaries into ego defense mechanisms.
To examine the multivariate relationship between the racial identity statuses of White counselor trainees and the ego defense mechanisms used to manage their anxiety during racially provocative counseling and supervision situations, we used a canonical correlation procedure.
The unconscious mind chimes in with ego defense mechanisms, which allow the ego to deal with the anxiety and respond to the stress.
Ego defenses were measured with the Hebrew version of the Ego Defenses Scale, one of the Child Suicidal Potential Scales.
2) recommended preceding hypnotherapeutic techniques with general ego-strengthening suggestions to strengthen his/her confidence and general ego defenses.
1 Thomas Strentz, "Law Enforcement Policy and Ego Defenses of the Hostage," FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, April 1979, 1.
Moreover, a variety of symptoms were said to occur with the transition; these included subjective discomfort, confusion, mood swings, ego defenses, impulsivity, acting-out, and heightened physical and somatic complaints (Erikson, 1956, 1963, 1968).
The ego defenses, which have a particular influence on the musculature by increasing tension, prevent the conscious experience of such intrapsychic turmoil to reach conscious awareness.
In each issue where ego defenses are clearly involved, the patient is also demonstrating efforts to compensate for cognitive disturbance with only partial success.