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Schiele, Egon(ā`gôn shē`lə), 1890–1918, Austrian expressionist painter and draftsman, studied Vietta Academy of Fine Arts. Influenced by the French impressionists, then by Gustav KlimtKlimt, Gustav
, 1862–1918, Austrian painter. He cofounded the Vienna Secession group, an alliance against 19th-century eclecticism in art, and in 1897 became its first president. In the following decade Klimt became the foremost painter of art nouveau in Vienna.
..... Click the link for more information. , Schiele developed a taut, linear style, emphasizing attenuated anatomical structure in drawings and paintings that often have strong sexual subject matter. Best known for his gaunt self-portraits and erotic figure studies, he also painted haunting portraits of his contemporaries and dark, brooding landscapes. With KokoschkaKokoschka, Oskar
, 1886–1980, Austrian expressionist painter and writer. After teaching at the art academy in Dresden (1920–24), Kokoschka traveled extensively in Europe and N Africa.
..... Click the link for more information. , he was in the forefront of the Austrian expressionist movement (see expressionismexpressionism,
term used to describe works of art and literature in which the representation of reality is distorted to communicate an inner vision. The expressionist transforms nature rather than imitates it.
..... Click the link for more information. ) until his sudden death at 28 of influenza. The Neue Galerie, New York City, has the largest collection of works by Schiele in the United States.
See biographies by F. Whitford (1985), S. Wilson (1987), and J. Kallir (2003); E. Mitsch, The Art of Egon Schiele (tr., 2d ed. 1988); M. Dabrowski, Egon Schiele: The Leopold Collection (1998); R. Price, ed., Egon Schiele: The Ronald S. Lauder and Serge Sabarsky Collections (2005).