Egor Klimanov

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Klimanov, Egor Afanas’evich


(pseudonym, Afanas’ev). Born Jan. 1 (13), 1866, in the village of Poluiakovo, in present-day Pliussa Raion, Pskov Oblast; died February 1919. Russian worker and revolutionary. The son of a peasant.

In St. Petersburg, Klimanov worked as a blacksmith and studied evenings in a technical school. In 1886 he joined the Association of St. Petersburg Skilled Workers. Active in the Brusnev group, he was part of its workers’ center, which set up circles at various enterprises in the city. He helped organize the first May Day demonstration in St. Petersburg (1891). In 1892 he was arrested and subsequently exiled. In 1894 he returned to St. Petersburg, where he went to work at the Putilov plant. In April 1895 he was sentenced for revolutionary activity to five years exile to Vologda Province. After serving his sentence he worked in Revel (Tallinn), Odessa, and Kerch’, where in the summer of 1905 he became active in the local Social Democratic organization. In March 1906 he was again arrested and exiled to Vologda Province; he escaped and lived illegally in St. Petersburg. After the October Revolution of 1917 he was a propagandist for the Vyborg raion committee of the RCP (Bolshevik) in Petrograd; he worked on the construction of the Shatura electric power plant. He died from typhus.


Spiridonov, P. I. “Russkii rabochii i revoliutsioner E. Klimanov.” Voprosy istorii, 1969, no. 8.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.